Important figures in Medicine History

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Imhotep
worshipped as founder of Egyptian medicine
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Tawaret
protected women during pregnancy and childbirth
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Sekhmet
caused epidemics, plagues, famines, etc.
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Asclepius
really good doctor, became God of healing
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Hippocrates
Four humours, clinical observation, hippocratic oath, hippocratic corpus
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Galen
taught doctors, theory of opposites, books used for hundreds of years, continued Hippocrates' work
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Andrea Vesalius
anatomy, "Fabric of the Human Body", dissection, proved Galen wasn't always right
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Ambroise Pare
wounds (cauterisation --> ointment, etc.), "Works on Surgery", ligatures
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William Harvey
heart and blood, "Anatomical Account of the Motion of the Heart and Blood in Animals", heart=pump,
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James Simpson
cholorform - anaesthetic
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Joseph Lister
carbolic spray - antiseptics
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Edward Jenner
vaccinations (smallpox and cowpox), as opposed to inoculations already being done
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Louis Pasteur
germ theory, pasteurisation
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Robert Koch
staining bacteria, developing a medium to grow them on
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Alexander Fleming
discovered mould (penicillin) killed bacteria
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Howard Florey
led research team - funding, experiments
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Ernst Chain
realised how to mass produce penicillin
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Norman Heatley
built machine that produced more penicillin, advertised in America
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Florence Nightingale
revolutionised nursing, improved hospitals, trained nurses, Crimean War, "Notes on Nursing", "Notes on Hospitals"
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Mary Seacole
Crimean War, hands-on nurse, herbal remedies - tropical diseases
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Edwin Chadwick
showed the government they would have to spend money to clean up the cities to stop the spread of diseases
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John Snow
took the pump off the Borad Street water pump to prove cholera was water-borne
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Aneurin Bevan
set up the NHS despite opposition
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

protected women during pregnancy and childbirth

Back

Tawaret

Card 3

Front

caused epidemics, plagues, famines, etc.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

really good doctor, became God of healing

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Four humours, clinical observation, hippocratic oath, hippocratic corpus

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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