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Slide 1

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The History of
Health and
Medicine ­ Greek
Medicine 1500­200
BC
The History of Health
and Medicine
Greek Medicine
1200­200 BC
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Slide 2

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Learning objectives
What we will learn in this presentation:
Learning objectives
· When and where the ancient Greek Empire
flourished.
· What ancient Greek society was like.
· What beliefs the Greeks held on matters of
health and medicine.
· The importance of Hippocrates and the Theory
of the Four Humours to the history of medicine.
· How Greek medicine compared to Egyptian
medicine.
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Slide 3

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The Greek Empire
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Slide 4

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Greek society
The success and wealth of the Greek Empire allowed the
Greeks to develop a love of learning and to try to find
answers to the mysteries around them.
There were two main strands to Greek medicine.
· The first stemmed from their strong
belief in the gods. The god of healing
was Asclepius (also spelt Asklepios
or Aesculapius).
· The second stemmed from new
ideas from Greek doctors, the most
famous of whom was Hippocrates.
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Slide 5

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Greek gods and medicine
The Greeks believed in gods for
almost all aspects of life. Poseidon
was god of the sea; Ares was god
of war; Asclepius god of healing.
Temples were built to him,
called Asclepeia. It was
believed that if a sick
person went to sleep in an
Asclepion, Asclepius and
his daughters would visit
him in his dreams and
cure him.
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Slide 6

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The Asclepion at Epidaurus
The most famous of these Asclepeia was built at a remote
location called Epidaurus, and was part of what would be
regarded today as a health complex!
Remains of the stadium at Epidaurus. Remains of the gymnasium at Epidaurus.
There were baths, a gymnasium, a stadium, a library, a
theatre and accommodation, as well as temples to other
gods.
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