CIE IGCSE Biology Flashcards: Food chains and food webs

Flashcards for the definitions of the food chains and food webs chapter for Cambridge International Examinations IGCSE Biology.

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Varshini
  • Created on: 09-03-13 14:47
Food chain
A chart showing the flow of energy (food) from one organism to the next beginning with a producer (e.g. mahogany tree → caterpillar → song bird → hawk)
1 of 9
Food web
A network of interconnected food chains in showing the energy flow through part of an ecosystem.
2 of 9
Producer
An organism that makes its own organic nutrients, usually using energy from sunlight, through photosynthesis.
3 of 9
Consumer
An organism that gets its energy by feeding on other organisms.
4 of 9
Herbivore
An animal that gets its energy by eating plants.
5 of 9
Carnivore
An animal that gets its energy by eating other animals.
6 of 9
Decomposer
An animal that gets its energy by feeding on dead or waste organic matter.
7 of 9
Ecosystem
A unit containing all of the organisms and their environment, interacting together, in a given area e.g. decomposing log or a lake.
8 of 9
Trophic level
The position of an organism in a food chain, food web or pyramid of biomass, numbers or energy.
9 of 9

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A network of interconnected food chains in showing the energy flow through part of an ecosystem.

Back

Food web

Card 3

Front

An organism that makes its own organic nutrients, usually using energy from sunlight, through photosynthesis.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

An organism that gets its energy by feeding on other organisms.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

An animal that gets its energy by eating plants.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

Annie Hart

Just to let you know... that a decomposer eats other dead animals, not other animals... otherwise really really good... i had  lo of fun... which is saying something for Biology... lol xxxx

Similar Biology resources:

See all Biology resources »See all resources »