Identity in English Language

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What are the two attidudes to language?
Presriptivist and Descriptivist
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What are perscriptivists?
Do not believe language should change/ evolve, there is an ideal standard that should be maintained.
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What are descriptivists?
Describes change in language without judgement.
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What is the crumbling castle?
The attitude that language is a precious commodity and needs to be preserved.
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What is the damp spoon?
The attitude that change happens through laziness – people are aware that they may be using language incorrectly, but don’t bother to change.
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What is the infectious disease?
The attitude that change happens without us realising – we ‘catch’ language use – this could be through the influence of TV or film.
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Define sociolect
Language typical for a social group
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Define idiolect
Idiolect: Language typical for an individual
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Define convergence
adjusting your speech behaviour to become more like others. Can be UPWARD or DOWNWARD
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Define divergence
adjusting your speech pattern to become more individual and less like others. Again, can be UPWARD or DOWNWARD
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What is RP?
Received pronounciation (BBC, the Queen).
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What is ethnicity?
the fact or state of belonging to a social group that has a common national or cultural tradition
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What is stereotyping?
a simplified and standardized conception or image invested with special meaning and held in common by members of a group (e.g. Cowboys and Indians)
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Do not believe language should change/ evolve, there is an ideal standard that should be maintained.

Back

What are perscriptivists?

Card 3

Front

Describes change in language without judgement.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The attitude that language is a precious commodity and needs to be preserved.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The attitude that change happens through laziness – people are aware that they may be using language incorrectly, but don’t bother to change.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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