How to Structure History Questions in the USA / Cold War Paper

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  • Created on: 24-05-15 22:16
How do you answer: Describe (4 MARKS) Questions
1. A general point. 2. A background clarification 3. One or two other points (two other points to be safe).
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How do you answer: Explain How OR Why (6 MARKS) Questions
'Why' needs reasons, 'how' needs ways. Do three fully ‘developed’ explanations to make sure. To gain higher marks you need to EXPLAIN HOW the point you are making led to the effect you have specified. Through in a fact.
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How do you answer: How Far / Which is the Most Important? (10 MARKS) Questions
START by saying why it was important on the one hand then add your reason-plus-explanations. NEXT - list/develop all the reasons it was NOT important. END - The 10th mark is for a conclusion.
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How do you answer: What is the Message of a Source? (6/7 MARKS) Questions
1. BRIEFLY describe the features of the cartoon. 2. Say what was happening at the time which mae the message necessary (OK: context). 3. Say what you noticed about the artist which might be why he wanted to give the message (origin).
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What else do you need to do to be able to answer: What is the Message of a Source? (6/7 MARKS) Questions
4. Explain what the message is, and how it was a result of the artist's opinions being expressed in the context of the time.
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How do you answer: How Useful is a Source? (7 MARKS) Questions
1. Look at the content + tone (what it is saying / what it is implying). 2. Look at the orign + motive/purpose. 3. Say what a historian can learn, simply from the info in the source.
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What else do you need to do to be able to answer: How Useful is a Source? (7 MARKS) Questions
4. Say what was happening at the time + how it could be useful to a historian. 5. Juge how reliable the author is. 6. State what the source does NOT say.
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How do you answer: Why was this Source Produced? (7 MARKS) Questions
1. Describe the content + message of the source. 2. Look at the origin + motive / purpose of the source. 3. Refer to the context. What was happening at the time.
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How do you answer: How Far Does this Source Prove? Questions
1. Look at the content - does it prove something? 2. Look at the origin - does it prove something (use OK). 3. Look at the CONTEXT (i.e. date) - does it prove something? 4. CONCLUDE
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How do you answer: Reliability Questions
1. Look at the CONTENT - measure its accuracy against what you know. 2. Look at its ORIGIN - would the writer have any reason to misrepresent the truth?
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What else do you need to do to be able to answer: Reliability Questions
3. Say what has happening at the time (CONTEXT) - so as to explain why the writer takes the particular line it does. ALSO BE SURE TO MENTION THE FOLLOWING: Content - Meaning - Context - Origin + Motive/Purpose
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What do you need to mention on all sourcework questions?
CONTENT (what it says), ORIGIN (who wrote it and how this might have affected what it is saying) and CONTEXT (look at the date and refer to your own knowledge – how the circumstances in which it was produced might have affected what it says).
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Vietnam had been a colony of France before being occupied by whom? In what year? In what war?
The Japanese. In 1942. In WW2,
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Japan invaded and occupied where?
French Indochina.
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How did the Japanese treat the Vietnamese?
In a brutal + savage way.
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Ho Chi Minh had set up what to 2 things fight the Japanese?
A strong Vietnamese resistance movement + the Vietminh
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a) Where did Ho Chi Minh live b) What ideology did he study in the USSR?
a) Europe + the USA b) Communism
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a) When WW2 ended what did th French do? b) What was the outcome?
a) Returned to claim their territory b) In Aug 1945 - Japan was defeated + the French returned to rule Vietnam
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What did Ho Chi Minh + his Communist supporters continue to so when the French returned to rule Vietnam?
Fight for independence.
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Despite American assistance what happened to the French army in 1954?
They were defeated by the Communists at Dien Bien Phu.
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a) North Vietnam was looked after by who? b) What type of govt did Ho Chi set up?
a) The USSR b) Communist
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South Vietnam was set up with what type of government?
Capitalist government / non-Communist government.
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How had the USA been 2 things had the USA been giving the French to support them during the war between Ho Chi Minh?
1. Advisors 2. Weapons.
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What 2 things happened at the end of the war between Ho Chi Minh?
1. The 1954 peace treaty was signed 2. France pulled out of Vietnam
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What did the 1954 peace treaty aim to do?
Unite Vietnam
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What was 1 of the terms of the 1954 peace treaty?
Elections were to be held within 2 years.
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President Eisenhower was concerned that the Communists might win the elections sos what did he do?
Helped the anti-Communist Ngo Dinh Diem set up the Republic of South Vietnam.
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Give the 2 ways in which Diem's government was corrupt?
1. He put many of his relatives in positions of power. 2. He refused to hold elections.
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What is another name for the Vietcong?
The Communist National Liberation Front for South Vietnam
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How were the Vietnmaese peasants treated by Diem?
Badly
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Since the Vietnamese peasants were treated badly by Diem what did they begin to do?
Support the Communist National Liberation Front for South Vietnam (i.e. Vietcong)
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What was Diem's govt like?
Weak
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What did Diem's government need if it was to survive the guerilla war against the Vietcong?
US support
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To start with the US only supplied what 3 things to Diem's govt?
1. Materials 2. Money 3. Advice
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What did Kennedy increase in South Vietnam?
US military support.
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In response to the Gulf of Tonkin incident what did US congress give President Johnson powers to do?
Retaliate. So Johnson sent more troops to fight in the jungles of South Vietnam.
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Define: Guerilla War
Ambushes, raids + hit-and-run operations carried out behind enemy lines.
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What did Eisenhower, Kennedy + Johnson all do?
They increased the number of advisers + later troops to stop the spread of Communism throughout South-East Asia.
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1. What do some historians believe that some high-ranking officers + large arms manufacturers actually want? 2. And why?
1. War 2. War meant more money would be spent on arms + equipment.
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In his last speech as president before he retired in January 1960, President Eisenhower warned the American people to to let what become too powerful?
Military Industrial Complex
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Define: Military Industrial Complex
The military establishment + industries producing military equipment. Together, they exerted a powerful influence on US forein policy + economic policy. (This term was first used by President Eisenhower in his last speech as US President).
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What did the Vietcong start against the South Vietnamese?
Guerilla warfare
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Define: Brinkmanship
Brinkmanship is the practice of pushing dangerous events to the verge of disaster in order to achieve the most advantageous outcome. It occurs (in contemporary settings) military strategy involving the threatened use of nuclear weapons.
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Card 2

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How do you answer: Explain How OR Why (6 MARKS) Questions

Back

'Why' needs reasons, 'how' needs ways. Do three fully ‘developed’ explanations to make sure. To gain higher marks you need to EXPLAIN HOW the point you are making led to the effect you have specified. Through in a fact.

Card 3

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How do you answer: How Far / Which is the Most Important? (10 MARKS) Questions

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Card 4

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How do you answer: What is the Message of a Source? (6/7 MARKS) Questions

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Card 5

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What else do you need to do to be able to answer: What is the Message of a Source? (6/7 MARKS) Questions

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