Paper 1 - History (How to answer questions on the Cold war, Cuba, Weimar, Nazi Germany) GCSE

Some notes I have on some of the main topics which could come up on Paper 1. Not all the dates for each topic are in this file as I only needed to revise certain dates but the majority of facts needed for this paper are in there. I also have included how I was taught to answer questions for this paper. 

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Page 1

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Paper 1 History

Possible Topics:
Cold War
Nazi Germany

15 minutes max
15 marks available
Cartoon & What's the message
35 minutes max
20 marks available
(a = 4 marks, 5 minutes max, 4 facts written in full sentences)
(b = 6 marks, 10 minutes max,…

Page 2

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To pick Q5 or Q6, read through 3 questions and base judgement on
Questions B & C

Cold War between 1947 1950

Truman Doctrine 1947
aim to contain communism
USA provided military & economic support to Greece and Turkey
It was clear a cold war had started by this point…

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Planes got through and continued to s upply West Berlin for 10
May 1949, Stalin realised the Blockade had failed and
reopened communications

Cuba between 1959 1962

Worsened Relations between Cuba and America
1959 Fidel Castro became leader of Cuba. He was c ommunist.
Castro took over many…

Page 4

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Talks between Khrushchev and Kennedy in Vienna in June 1961,
ended badly and directly led to the Cuban Missile Crisis in October
1962 .

Why were missiles put on Cuba?
Khrushchev wanted to c
lose the Missile gap between the USA and
the USSR
The USA had missiles in Western…

Page 5

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into US cities and kill millions. Would cause Soviet soldiers to be killed,
causing Khrushchev to respond.

3 Remove the missile bases and Castro from power. W ould cause an
inevitable Soviet Response. Possibly an invasion of West Berlin and
nuclear war.

4 Involvements of other countries might force the…

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Who won?
1. The USA
2. The USSR
3. Cuba

1 Kennedy was seen as the `victor' in the crisis by the world. He had
stood up to the Soviets and they had backed down. The crisis shows
how dangerous some of the US military leaders ideas were and

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Weimar between 1923 1924

Reparations and the Invasion of the Ruhr
The treaty of Versailles meant Germany had to pay reparations.
Germany couldn't afford the 1922 reparations and so France and
Belgium invaded the Ruhr in 1923.
The Ruhr was the centre of Germany's Industry .
German workers were treated…

Page 8

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Hitler and Ludendorff ( a world war I hero) attempted to topple the
Weimar republic.
Hitler had 2000 men with him
On November 8th , at a political meeting at the Munich Beer Hall,
Hitler forced the Kahr, the head of the Bavarian government, at
gunpoint to join him

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They thought they would be able to control him when he was in
When he was appointed as chancellor, H
itler tried to increase the
number of Nazis in government.

The Reichstag Fire 1933
27th February 1933, the Reichstag was burnt to the ground.
A communist was blamed after…

Page 10

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Posters, pictures, art exhibitions and films were all made to show
how great the Nazis were
Hitler's speeches were regularly broadcast o n the radio to remind
people of how much the Nazis were improving their lives.
Cheap radios were sold to people and connected up to loud
speakers so…


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