History Trade Unions groups

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National Labour Union 1866 - 1869
An attempt to form a single association that would draw a mass membership, wanted an 8 hour day, banking reform and promoted working women
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Knights of labour 1869 - 1886
Reputation destroyed because of the violence at the Haymarket Affair and intended to unite skilled and unskilled workers and demanded 8 hour day
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The National Negro Labour Union 1869
Attempted, unsuccessfully to affiliate with white skilled unions
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The Molly Maguires 1870s
Irish immigrant miners and during a series of strikes in 1873 (resulting from wage cuts) railroad cars were derailed, coal tips set on fire and a superintendent murdered
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Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers (the AA) 1876
Represented skilled iron and steel workers negotiated national uniform wage scales each year, helped regularise working hours, workload levels, work speeds, and helped improve working conditions
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Homestead strike 1892
negotiations for three year collective bargaining agreement failed, strike lasted 143 days, KOL and AA teamed up after a Lockout went wrong, Pinkerton agents fired at crowds, union broken and bankrupted
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The American Federation of Labor 1886
Effectively replaced the KOL and argued that labour had to harness the bargaining power of skilled workers to stand up to large corporations
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Women’s trade union league 1903
Encouraged and supported women in organising themselves into unions and also opposed sweatshop working conditions and wanted laws establishing and eight hour day and minimum wage
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The industrial Workers of the World 1905 - 1924
Militant organisation with a reputation for violence and stood out for defence of the rights of the poor and illiterate workers such as immigrants
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The Brotherhood of sleeping car porters 1925
Pullman company refused to work with the union. Campaigned for recognition, were successful and able to claim that it was the only legitimate union, the union signed a collective bargaining agreement with the Pullman Company
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Congress of Industrial Organisations (CIO) 1935
Set up to unify unskilled workers in one union
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AFL-CIO merger 1955
Strongly supported the civil rights movement
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Coalition of labour union women (CLUW) 1974
Affiliated with the AFL-CIO. Had four main areas of focus: affirmative action, role of women, more women in trade unions, increase in the participation of women in democracy
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PATCO air traffic controllers 1981
Called PATCO strike with the intention of bringing air traffic to a standstill, wanted a $10,000 wage raise, a shorter working week and better retirement benefits. Reagan told them they had 48 hours to get back to work or they would be sacked
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Reputation destroyed because of the violence at the Haymarket Affair and intended to unite skilled and unskilled workers and demanded 8 hour day

Back

Knights of labour 1869 - 1886

Card 3

Front

Attempted, unsuccessfully to affiliate with white skilled unions

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Irish immigrant miners and during a series of strikes in 1873 (resulting from wage cuts) railroad cars were derailed, coal tips set on fire and a superintendent murdered

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Represented skilled iron and steel workers negotiated national uniform wage scales each year, helped regularise working hours, workload levels, work speeds, and helped improve working conditions

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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