Historiography - causes of WWI

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Luigi Albertini (1942)
German mobilisation was equivalent to war because of the Schlieffen Plan
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Fischer (1961)
Germany had gone to war to achieve European domination. The roots of German expansionism was to be found in social, political and economic troubles.
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Herwig (1984)
That this encirclement had been largely self-imposed and that it could have been overome easily by a peaceful foreign policy apparently never dawned on the planners in Berlin"
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Corrigan (2003)
As early as 1906 Germany had in place a plan for an aggressive war based on the premise it would have to fight Russia and France simultaneously
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A. J. P Taylor
Germany military plans played a "vital part" in the outbreak of war, the continuation of peace was prevented by the habit of Germany's diplomacy
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Röhl (1995)
The men of 1914 were working to provoke a continental war against France and Russia in what appeared to be exceptionally favourable circumstances
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L. C. F. Turner
Portrayed an irrationally aggressive France hungry for war, manipulating Russia into fighting Germany and the Central Powers in a war she fear
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Marxists
Portrayed WWI as an imperial war - frenzied competition amongst commercial rivals fro markets and raw materials inevitably brought about war
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Th Franco-German Historians' Commission
"Mutual distrust had hit a peak, and in leading circles it was believed that war was inevitable"
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Henig (1993)
There was a fateful meshing of aggressive German weltpolitik with an even more aggressive, irresponsible Habsburg Balkanpolitik
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Structuralists - such as Wehler
The Kaisrreich had become an ungovernable polycracy of forces so chaotic the persuit of an offensive war policy was beyond the governments capability
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Inter-war years - David Lloyd George
"The nations in 1914 slithered over the brink into the boiling cauldron of war"
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Card 2

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Germany had gone to war to achieve European domination. The roots of German expansionism was to be found in social, political and economic troubles.

Back

Fischer (1961)

Card 3

Front

That this encirclement had been largely self-imposed and that it could have been overome easily by a peaceful foreign policy apparently never dawned on the planners in Berlin"

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

As early as 1906 Germany had in place a plan for an aggressive war based on the premise it would have to fight Russia and France simultaneously

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Germany military plans played a "vital part" in the outbreak of war, the continuation of peace was prevented by the habit of Germany's diplomacy

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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