- Created by: lwilson23
- Created on: 14-03-19 08:48
Political and Social Impacts
- events such as 'Black Week' and the Battle of Spion Kop caused outrage in Britain, with the planning of the War Office, supply issues and leadership of generals under fire.
- The Khaki Election of October 1900 rode the high of 'victory' in S.Africa after the Battle of Paardeberg, allowing Lord Salisbury and his Unionist/Conservative Government to keep power. There was also great divide within the Liberal party about how to conduct the war - explaining why people didn't vote for them.
- the Boer war also exposed Britain as weak - the Germans fancied having a go (WWI).
- correspondents of all the Great Powers witnessed Britain's inadequecy in the conflict - caused great international embarassment.
- a rush of volunteers after 'Black Week' who were in poor health and had to be turned away raised concern about conditions for the working class.
The Health of the Nation
- Committee of Physical Deterioration set up to investigate why 60% of volunteers had to be turned down as unfit for service, caused reforms:
- Baden-Powell's scout movement created healthy soldiers to serve the Empire.
- Medical inspections became compulsory in schools.
- 1906 - Liberals created Education (Provision of Meals) Act - free school meals.
- These helped to create a more physically fit generation of soliders to fight in WWI.
- Charles Booth also found that 80% of the nation could be classed as exceptionally poor working class - with a life expectancy of 22-26yrs old. Shocking.
- Seebohm Rowntree was another dude who investigated health - in 1899 he established the idea of the poverty line through investigating the working class in York.
Consequences of Boer War in Brief
- Unionist government severely damaged post-war - Liberals dominated 1906 onwards.
- British imperialism loses its authority - embarassed.
- Caused a drift away from Salisbury's 'splendid isolation' to continental alliances.
- South Africa gained dominion status.
- Germany became more of a threat.
- Extensive post-war military reforms.