Hinduism Key Terms

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Arya Samaj
Modern Hindu reform movement created by Dayananda Saraswati in 1825-1883. Worked to restore the emphasis on the Vedas and was dismissive of all western influences.
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Brahmo Samaj
Modern Hindu reform movement started by Ram-Mohan Roy in the 19th century. It sought a return to the purity of Hinduism through an emphasis on monotheism. It was influenced by Christianity and Islam.
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Caste
The Hindu hereditory classes
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Dayananda Saraswati
1824-1883 orthadox vedic teacher asserted authority of the Vedas and rejected western influences.
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Dharma
The fulfillment of moral and social duties
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Mahatma Ghandi
A devout Hindu who used non-violent methods to oppose British Rule of India. Shot by Hindu fundamentalists who believed in anti-Muslim sentiments. 1869-1948
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Indus Valley Civilisation
The civilisation discovered in 20th century, existed in 3000-2000 BCE in which there is evidence of a higly developed urban civilisation. start of Hinduism????
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ISKON
International Society for Krishna Consciousness. A Hindu group of Vaishnava tradition which focuses on Krishna as the supreme deity
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Karma
The law of cause and effect
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Moksha
Liberation of the self in union with ultimate reality
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Ram-Mohan Roy
Hindu reformer 1772-1833. known as the father of modren India. Strongly influenced by Christianity. Attempted to eradicate superstitious practices and restore the purity of Hinduism.
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Ramakrishna Mission
Modern Hindu reform movement
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Samsara
Cycle of birth, death and rebirth
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Sanatana Dharma
Eternal and absolute laws
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Sruti
Scripture written directly from the divine
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Smriti
Hindu scripture written by humans and passed down through generations
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Varnashramadharma
Catse, Stage, Duty
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Vedic religion
Religious beliefs and practices associated with the Vedic era mainly sacrificial rituals and polytheism
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Brahmo Samaj

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Modern Hindu reform movement started by Ram-Mohan Roy in the 19th century. It sought a return to the purity of Hinduism through an emphasis on monotheism. It was influenced by Christianity and Islam.

Card 3

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Caste

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Card 4

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Dayananda Saraswati

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Card 5

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Dharma

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