Buddhism Theme 1 Key Terms

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  • Created by: gemshort
  • Created on: 28-12-17 00:00
Kapilavastu
The place where the Buddha grew up
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Lumbini
The place of the Buddha's birth
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Maya
The Buddha's mother
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Shakya
The region where the Buddha was born
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Siddhartha Gautama
The Buddha's real name (Sanskrit)
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Sidhatta Gotama
The Buddha's real name (Pali)
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Suddhodana
The Buddha's father
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Bodhisattva
A Mahayana concept, literally meaning 'being whose essence is enlightenment'
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Dharma
Buddhist teaching, dhamma in Pali / eternal law in Hinduism, or social duty
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Hagiography
A religious biography as opposed to a historical biography
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Jodo Shinshu
School of Japanese Buddhism that is usually called Pure Land Buddhism or Shin Buddhism
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Mahayana
Literally, 'the greater vehicle', covering Northern schools of Buddhism in Tibet, China and Japan and more associated schools and traditions
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Myth
Fanciful stories to express a teaching
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Ontological
A word used to refer to a debate about 'being'
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Sammasambuddha
A self-enlightened one
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Sansana
Teaching
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Soteriology
A study of religious ideas about personal salvation
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Theravada
Literally 'teachings of the elders' and forms much of the Southeast Asian schools of Buddhism in Sri Lanka, Thailand, Burma and Vietnam
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Ahmisa
Non-violence
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Ajivikas
Early Samana group, not existing today - key idea was destiny
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Aryan
A term used to define invaders from the West into the Indus Valley
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Ashrama
Stage of life
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Atman
Soul
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Bhakti
Devotion
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Brahman
Universal spirit or ultimate spirit in Hinduism
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Brahmin
Priestly social group
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Buddha
Siddhartha Gautama, founder of the Buddhist religion
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Enlightenment
Also referred to as awakening, nibbana or nirvana, it refers to the Buddha's moment of realisation of truth
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Four Sights
The four things that initiated Siddhartha's quest for enlightenment
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Harappa
Ancient city of the Indus Valley
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Indus Valley
Area in Northwest India and Pakistan were significant archaeological evidence has been discovered
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Jains
Early Samana group, still a religion today - key idea was non-violence
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Jati
A subdivision of vama, based upon 'birth' into a specific social group
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Karma
'Action' that has a consequence, sometimes referred to as the 'law of karma'
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Kshatriya
Warrior social group
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Materialists
Early Samana group that rejected the supernatural
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Mohenjo-Daro
Ancient city of the Indus Valley
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Moksha
Escape, liberation or release from the cycle of birth, death and reincarnation
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Mukti
Escape, liberation or release from the cycle of birth, death and reincarnation
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Muni
A religious/holy man
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Reincarnation
The soul transmigration into a new life form after death
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Rishi
Religious seer associated with the Vedas
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Sadhu
Holy man, usually a homeless ascetic wanderer and teacher
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Samana
Wandering philosophers and religious teachers, sometimes ascetic and sometimes in groups
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Samsara
The cycle of life, death and rebirth
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Sannyasin
Holy man, usually a homeless ascetic wanderer and teacher
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Shakyamuni
A term used of the Buddha meaning 'the sage from Shakya'
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Sketpics
Early Samana group that questioned everything
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Varna
The Hindu system of social grouping
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Vedas
The earliest Hindu scriptures
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Yoga
From the Sanskrit 'yukia', meaning 'joined' and refers to a form of meditation in Hinduism that aims for unity with the universal spirit
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Allegorical
Having hidden meaning beyond a literal understanding of the text
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Buddhacarita
Written by Ashvaghosha, it is an epic Sanskrit poem about the life of the Buddha
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Cakravartin
Local ruler or king
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Jakata
Buddhist tales, mainly about the previous lives of the Buddha
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Sambodhi
Full and complete enlightenment
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Tripitaka
The Buddhist Canon of scripture
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Anatta
The Buddhist observation and teaching that there is 'no self', that is, no substantial essence beyond the empirical self
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Anicca
The Buddhist observation and teaching that all existence involves change
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Dukkha
Literally 'that which is difficult to endure', and refers to suffering, frustration and dissatisfaction in life
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The place of the Buddha's birth

Back

Lumbini

Card 3

Front

The Buddha's mother

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The region where the Buddha was born

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The Buddha's real name (Sanskrit)

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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