Healthy Active Lifestyle

  • Created by: Louisa
  • Created on: 22-05-13 16:02
Define Health
A complete state of physical, mental and social well being. Not merely the absence of illness
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Define Fitness
The ability to meet the demands of the SPORTING environment
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Define Exercise
Physical activity which produces a positive physiological or anatomical adaptation
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How do health, fitness and exercise link?
1. General exercise is needed in order to achieve a state of physical well-being eg CV exercise promotes weight loss 2.Specific exercise is requited in order to achieve fitness specific to a sport
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Give 1 Structural Adaptation to each system of regular exercise
MS-Incr. vasculatisation, NM- Incr. Force production, Resp- strength of diaphragm and intercostal muscles, CV-Left ventricular hypertrophy
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What is a hypo-kinetic disorder?
A disease that develops partly due to insufficient exercise that is linked to a modern sedentary lifestyle
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What are the 7 main food groups for a balanced diet and what is each used for?
Carbohydrate (main energy supply).Fats (Secondary energy supply). Proteins (Growth and muscle repair. energy source when stores are depleted). Vitamins (Bone formation and tissue synthesis). Minerals (Iron- RBC production). Water (Bodily functions)
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What is DALY
Disability Adjusted Life Years
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Where has highest and where has lowest prevalence of obese adults?
USA highest. Japan lowest
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here has highest and where has lowest Mortality rate for cancer and CV diseases?
Cancer UK highest, Finland lowest CV diseases Finland highest, Japan lowest
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here has highest and where has lowest % of government expenditure spent on healthcare?
USA highest, Finland lowest
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What effects does ageing have on physical performance?
Declined flexibility(incr collagen),CV fitness(decr max HR, cardiac output, stroke vol. Incr RHR, recovery time needed), muscular strength. lung function (decr. elast.alveoli, resp muscles strength, VO2 max, lung capac) Atrophy,coordination,max power
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Physical benefits to health of exercise
Physical- Increased: Energy expenditure, BMR, Muscle mass, Range of movement, Amount of high density lipoproteins. Decreased: rate of VO2max decline, risk of CHD, Obesity, Hypokinetic disorders, Osteoporosis, Type 2 Diabetes
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The ability to meet the demands of the SPORTING environment

Back

Define Fitness

Card 3

Front

Physical activity which produces a positive physiological or anatomical adaptation

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

1. General exercise is needed in order to achieve a state of physical well-being eg CV exercise promotes weight loss 2.Specific exercise is requited in order to achieve fitness specific to a sport

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

MS-Incr. vasculatisation, NM- Incr. Force production, Resp- strength of diaphragm and intercostal muscles, CV-Left ventricular hypertrophy

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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