Hazardous Environments Key Vocabulary

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What is Aid?
Help given by more wealthy nations (HICs) to less well-off nations (LICs) mainly to encourage development
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What is Adjustment?
People altering their behaviour to prepare for natural hazards and reduce their impact
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What is a Climatic Hazard?
Hazards caused by weather in the atmosphere such as drought, flood and storm.
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What is a Natural Disaster?
The results of a natural hazard taking place, such as death, injuries and destruction of property.
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What is Disaster Relief?
Immediate help given after a disaster, including te emergency response such as firefighters and search & rescue teams.
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What is an Earthquake?
A sudden or violent movement within the Earths crust followed by a series of shocks.
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What is Evacuation?
Moving people from dangerous locations when a natural hazard, such as a hurricane, has been predicted.
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What is a Hazard?
A natural event (earthquake, flood, landslide, volcanic eruption) that threatens or causes damage, destruction and death.
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What is Mitigation?
Reducing the risk from natural hazards before they happen, such as building earthquake proof buildings.
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What is Monitoring?
Recording physical changes, such as earthquake tremors around a volcano or tracking a hurricane by satellite, to help predict when and where a natural hazard might strike.
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What is Prediction?
Being able to say when and where a natural hazard will strike. This can be done to some extent for volcanic eruptions and hurricanes, but not for earthquakes.
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What is Preparation?
Actions taken before a hazard strikes to reduce its impact, such as educating people or improving building design.
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What is a Risk Assessment?
Judging the amount of damage an area might expect from any given hazard.
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What is a Tectonic Hazard?
A natural hazard caused by plate tectonics (volcanoes, earthquakes and tsunami as well as some landslides)
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What is a Tectonic Plate?
A rigid segment of the earth’s crust which can “float” across the heavier semi-molten rock below. Continental plates are less dense, but thicker than oceanic plates. Movement occurs.
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What is a Tropical Storm? (Cyclone)
An area of low pressure with winds moving in a spiral around the calm centre point called the eye of the storm. Winds are powerful and heavy.
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What is a Volcano?
An opening in the earth’s crust out of which lava, ash and gases erupt.
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Card 2

Front

What is Adjustment?

Back

People altering their behaviour to prepare for natural hazards and reduce their impact

Card 3

Front

What is a Climatic Hazard?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is a Natural Disaster?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is Disaster Relief?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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