Graphics Terminology

  • Created by: lxnxy_26
  • Created on: 13-11-16 15:45
Adhesive
Something used to stick things together
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Analyse
Study something to discover and evaluate its features
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Anthropometrics
Body measurement data
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Batch
A set number of identical products that are made together
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Binding
Holds sheets of paper together in the form of a book
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Biodegradable
Something that will naturally decay over time
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Board
Thick paper weighing over 200 GSM
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BSI
British standards institution, sets standards for quality and safety of products. Kitemark displayed if standards are met
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Built in obsolescence
When something is designed so that it becomes out of date quickly
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CAD/ CAM
Designing and manufacturing using a computer
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Colour fusion
When tiny dots of colours really close together blend into a new colour
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Complementary
Colours found opposite eachother on the colour wheel
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Contrasting
Colours that stand out against eachother
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Copyright
Legal protection which prevents copying of written, drawn or recorded work
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Corporate Identity
The image that people have of a company
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Corruagted
With a rigid or grooved surface
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Crating
Drawing in 3D by starting with a box then adding or removing bits
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Design brief
The instructions that the client gives a designer about the product
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Design specification
A list of conditions the product should meet
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Ergonomic
Easy and comfortable for people to use
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Finishes
Finishes protect a product and improve its looks
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Finite
A resource that will run out
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Fixings
Used to hold different components of a product together
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Freehand
Drawing without using any equipment
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Gap in the market
An area where there arent any products to meet peoples needs
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Geometric
Simple regular shapes
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GSM
Grams per square metre, used to show thickness of paper
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Highlight
Lighter colouring used in drawings to show a surface facing the light
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Hue
Colour
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Input device
Something used to input raw data into a computer
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Laminated
Covered with another layer of material
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Manipulate
Alter in some way
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Manufacturing specification
Tells a manufacturer exactly how to make a product
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Market research
Asking the target market what they like, dislike about a product
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Mock up
A full scale model with cheap materials to check layout of a design
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Model
A practice version of a product made during the development stage. Often scaled down
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Net
A 2D shape that can be folded to make a 3D object
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Output device
Used to transfer data out of a computer, as a hard copy or product
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Patent
Legal protection that prevents people copying designs for a new product or invention
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Perspective drawing
Drawing in 3D so things further away appear smaller
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Pictorial drawing
Drawing in 3D
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Product life- cycle
The stages a product goes through
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Prototype
A full size working one off model of a design.
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Registered design
Legal protection that prevents someone copying a designs shape and appearance
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Rendering
Adding shading or colour to a drawing to make it look more realistic
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Risk assessment
Identifying potential hazards and prcautions to minimalise risks.
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Sketch
Simple freehand drawing
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Smart material
A material that changes its properties in response to a change in the environment
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Sustainable
Process or material that can be used without causing permanent damage to the environment or using finite resources
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Target market
The group of people you want to sell your product to
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Tessellation
Fitting many nets onto material to reduce waste
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Thermochromic
Materials that change colour with heat
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Thermoplastics
Plastics that can be melted and reshaped repeatedly
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Tone
How light or dark a colour is
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Trademark
Legal protection that prevents people copying symbols logos or slogans that represent a company
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Vanishing point
A point in the distance where parallel lines seem to meet
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Working drawing
A detailed scale drawing that shows all the dimensions of each part of a product and the materials for the components
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Study something to discover and evaluate its features

Back

Analyse

Card 3

Front

Body measurement data

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A set number of identical products that are made together

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Holds sheets of paper together in the form of a book

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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