Globalisation

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  • Created by: 09Butcher
  • Created on: 09-05-14 18:46
Globalisation
The increasing links between different countries throughout the world
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Interdependence
The relationship between two or more countries, usually in terms of trade
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Call centres
Offices to which you can call for help/information, or where groups call you to sell items
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Transnational corporation (TNC)
A corporation or enterprise that oporates in more than one country
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Multiplier effect
Where initial investment and jobs lead to a knock-on effect, creating further jobs and providing money to generate services
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Leakage
Profits made by the company are taken out of the country to the country of origin
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De-industrialisation
A process of decline in industry
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Assisted areas/enterprise zones
Areas that qualify for government help
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Advanced factories
Where buildings for production are built speculatively in the hope that their presence will encourage businesses to buy or rent an existing factory
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Strikes
Periods of time when large numbers of employees refuse to work due to disagreements over pay etc
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Food miles
The distance that food items travel from where they are grown to where they are eaten
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Carbon footprint
The amount of carbon generated by things people do
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Motorsport Valley(Midland UK) - Case Study
High-tech engineering industries eg: Aston Martin, 2200 business in design, research + development, 40000 employed, £5 billion sales, 65% exports, easy transportation links 5 airports (communication), central location near silverstone + top end uni's
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Industrial Locations
MEDC- early South Wales-heavy industry(iron steel coal), modern Motorsport Valley-modern hi-tech. LEDC- modern India-call centres. Newly Industrialised Country- China
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Energy - Fossil Fuels(Coal, Gas, Oil, Fracking-shale gas)
Least expensive source of energy, huge reserves of first 3 / Cost of transport, risk of spillage, pollution and global climate change, over reliance
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Energy - Nuclear
Doesn't contribute to global warming / Requires high level of tech, more expensive, dangerous
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Energy - Renewables(Wind, Hydroelectric, Geothermal, Solar, Wave, Tidal) E.g.: Windfarms in UK, Three Gorges Dam in China
Doesn't produce greenhouse gases / Expensive energy, damage local environment, not reliale energy, NIMBY's
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The relationship between two or more countries, usually in terms of trade

Back

Interdependence

Card 3

Front

Offices to which you can call for help/information, or where groups call you to sell items

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A corporation or enterprise that oporates in more than one country

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Where initial investment and jobs lead to a knock-on effect, creating further jobs and providing money to generate services

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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