Germany - Weimar Germany

  • Flaws
  • Constituation
  • Political Parties
  • Treaty of Versailles
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What was the Weimar Republic?
The name given to the German government after WW2. It was called Weimar because it moved from Berlin because of the violent attcks on the government.
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What were the flaws of the Weimar Republic?
Proportional representation and lots of political parties meant that not one party could get a majority vote, this lead to a weak government and many coalitions. Article 48 meant that the President could make decisions without consulting anyone.
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Why didn't people like the new parliament?
They signed the humiliating Treaty of Versailles, the army wanted the Kaiser to return to maintain their reputation. Judiciary didn't agree with it's liberal political views.
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What were the effects of the Treaty of Versailles?
Army redued to 100,000 (no tanks or airforce), navy reduced to 36 ships (no U-boats), lost all colonies, 12.5% of population and 50% of iron and steel industry to Denmark, Poland, France and Czechoslovakia, pay reparations, sign war guilt cause 231.
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What the Weimar Constitution?
The German people (all have equal rights), the Reichstag (proportional representation), the Chancellor (appointed by President and needed majority vote by Reichstag), President (elected every 7 years).
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What was the left-wing putsch?
In January 1919, Spartacists (communists) attempted an armed putsch on Berlin lead by Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg. Freidrich Ebert (the Chancellor) couldn't use the army so he used the Freikorps (volunteer soldiers).
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What was the right-wing putsch?
In March 1920, Dr Wolfgang Kapp used the Freikorps to stage a putsch on Berlin. Ebert needed the army but they refused to fire on ex-soldiers. It ended when there was a general workers strike. It proved that the Republic didn't have control.
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Card 2

Front

What were the flaws of the Weimar Republic?

Back

Proportional representation and lots of political parties meant that not one party could get a majority vote, this lead to a weak government and many coalitions. Article 48 meant that the President could make decisions without consulting anyone.

Card 3

Front

Why didn't people like the new parliament?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What were the effects of the Treaty of Versailles?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What the Weimar Constitution?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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