Geographies of Health

What is the definition of health?
A complete state of physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity
1 of 85
Who created the 1st definition of health
Who 1948
2 of 85
Who said Health was a hard term to define?
Earle, 2007
3 of 85
What is disease burden?
The total impact of a disease (economic, social and public health indicators)
4 of 85
Who suggested the there was a shift from Medical health to social health?
Kearns and Moon 2002
5 of 85
Is a communicable disease...
An infectious disease (TB, Malaria)
6 of 85
What isn't an example of a socially constructed health issue?
Cancer
7 of 85
What percentage of some countries self medicate
85%
8 of 85
When did John Snow map Cholera?
Pre 20th Century
9 of 85
Who said that a lot of illness is still negative and focusses on illness rather than well being?
Kearns and Moon 2002
10 of 85
What are the 3 components of disease ecology?
Disease, environment, human and animal agents
11 of 85
What is the term that describes the encompassing of all the separate entities that impact health
One Health
12 of 85
What amount of time is the maximum for reaching a trauma centre
1 hour
13 of 85
Who stressed the need for rapid response for global health threats?
Cinnamon et al., 2016
14 of 85
Who found that socioeconomic status effects health and the experience of place
Kearns 1993
15 of 85
What are the three variations of big data? (Kitchen 2003)
Directed, Automated, Volunteered
16 of 85
Who suggests the use of mobile phone data to track disease?
Cinnamon et al 2016
17 of 85
What is Central Place Theory?
A theory that seeks to explain the number, size and location of human settlements (Law of Human Settlements)
18 of 85
Who coined the term Central Place Theory
Christaller
19 of 85
Problem with central place theory?
Assumes that places are completely flat
20 of 85
Who came up with the simplistic quote "everything is related to everything else but near things are more related than distant things"?
Tobler 1970
21 of 85
What is activity space?
Places you spend time outside of the home
22 of 85
Who said wealthier is healthier?
Dunn et al 2007
23 of 85
De-medicalisation of the body
Reclaim the body from medical discourses
24 of 85
Who said health is a shaper of identity
Crawford 2006
25 of 85
Neoliberalism (Harvey 2005) suggests that humans best advance by what?
Freedom
26 of 85
Lefebvre's Social production of space included three spaces...
Mental, physical, social
27 of 85
Who links neoliberalism and obesity?
Guthman 2006
28 of 85
Which academic suggests that social inequities are killing people on a grand scale?
Marmot 2008
29 of 85
What is counted as an environmental exposure to health (Comrie, 2007)
Air pollution
30 of 85
Who presented the idea of the French paradox
Wansink 2007
31 of 85
What is the life expectancy in Carlton Glasgow?
54
32 of 85
What is the life expectancy in Lenzie Glasgow
82
33 of 85
The health wealth relationship- which isn't a factor
Genetics
34 of 85
Who created the Health Determinats Model?
WHO
35 of 85
What are the issues with Geography knowledge that Johnsen (2011) identified?
Decline in attention to genuine social problems
36 of 85
What is one thing that health policies do not do?
Provide step by step guidelines for health care
37 of 85
Health policies can target
people traces places
38 of 85
Which academics highlight the problems with health policies?- marginalisation, discrimination, exclusionary effects, spatially stigmatised
Keene and Padilla 2014
39 of 85
Converting Knowledge to Action- choose a correct example
Reduced speed zone
40 of 85
Harm reduction policies - which cities encourage safe injection sites?
Sydney and Vancouver
41 of 85
Who supports the harm reduction policies?
UN and Red Cross
42 of 85
Which government enacted the Health Action Zones
New Labour
43 of 85
Which academics wrote about the Health Action Zones?
Judge and Bould 2006
44 of 85
How much was spent on the health action zones?
£4 million
45 of 85
What was their primary aim?
Reduce effects of poverty and neglect on health in disadvantaged neighbourhoods
46 of 85
Who discusses the 2004 WHO Global Strategy on Diet, Physical activity and health?
Brown and Bell 2008
47 of 85
How does Regional Policy work?
Devolution
48 of 85
National policy is implemented by NHS, Public health England and organisations - give one example of a polly.
Sugar Tax- 5% sugar levy
49 of 85
One of the main reasons with place based policy is...
We can't assume that policies targeting places will reach local residents
50 of 85
What are the determinants of a good health system?
A robust financing mechanism
51 of 85
What countries have a centrally planned, controlled and funded health care system?
Former USSR, Cuba, North Korea
52 of 85
What country has a tax funded system?
UK
53 of 85
What country is market based?
USA
54 of 85
How much more does the USA spend on their healthcare system than the UK?
2 x
55 of 85
In what year was the Alma Ata declaration getting attention away from tertiary care, signed?
1978
56 of 85
What are the two main threats to the health system?
Increased Costs and Growing Dependency Ratio
57 of 85
How much has NHS spending increased by?
£15billion-£135billion
58 of 85
What percentage of Americans have no care whatsoever? (Obamacare)
14%
59 of 85
Who suggests that we have seen the transformation of theNHS from a single provider to a complex network of national and private organisations?(consumer society)
Sturgeon 2014
60 of 85
What is medical tourism? (Crooks, 2011; Chen and Flood, 2013)q
Patients travelling to access services abroad
61 of 85
Does medical tourism provide treatments that may be illegal in other countries?
Yes
62 of 85
Who said that health workers are a global commodity?
Connell 2015
63 of 85
What is the % of Africa's disease burden?
25%
64 of 85
What % of the world's health workers are in Africa?
3%
65 of 85
Who said there is a 4million shortage of health workers in the global south?
Connell and Walton-Roberts 2015
66 of 85
What number of people have developed AIDS globally (Gizelis, 2009)?
40m
67 of 85
Universal health care is the single most powerful concept that public health has to offer. Who said this?
Chan, who
68 of 85
How many people compared to the 1% in the UK couldn't afford to see a doctor? (Davis et al, 2014)
39%
69 of 85
Health systems the focus on equity usually produce better or worse health outcomes?
Better
70 of 85
Who discusses equity and it being the objective of many health systems?
Goddard and Smith, 2001
71 of 85
What do Buse and Hawkes 2015 criticise the SDG's for being weak in?
Non-communicable diseases and diet and tobacco
72 of 85
What are NHS Public Benefit Corporations? 2004 (Andersson, 2012)
Trusts free from central government
73 of 85
Which academic discusses the postcode lottery ?
Cinnamon et al 2009
74 of 85
Which isn't a barrier to access? (Goddard and Smith, 2001)
Extra curricular activities
75 of 85
Is caring for...
The practice of caregiving
76 of 85
What is not a care provider benefit?
Health benefits
77 of 85
In what decade did there start to be more of a place centred design for hospitals?
1990s
78 of 85
Who imagined the therapeutic design- comforting demedicalised space, city into hospital, not looking like a hospital?
Adam 2010
79 of 85
Who found that a window view meant shorter post op stay and less negative comments?
Ulrich 1984
80 of 85
What are the reasons behind community care? (Britain et al 2010)
Accessibility
81 of 85
How many workers have caring duties
1 in 9
82 of 85
Who said that the as the home care makes the home very public it can become threatening?
Dyck 2005
83 of 85
What is the smart home sensor platform called?
SPHERE
84 of 85
EHEALTH (Lupton 2013) which is not an example?
Radio connection with hospital
85 of 85

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Who created the 1st definition of health

Back

Who 1948

Card 3

Front

Who said Health was a hard term to define?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is disease burden?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Who suggested the there was a shift from Medical health to social health?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Health resources »