Gardner & Gardner- Findings

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After 7 months of training how many signs did Washoe know?
4 Signs
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After 14 months of training how many signs did Washoe know?
13 signs
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After 21 months of training how many signs did Washoe know?
30 signs
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What was the first sign Washoe learnt?
"Come-gimme"
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What were the 3 ways Washoe acquired language?
1) Differentiation 2) Transfer 3) Combinations
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What does 'differentiation' mean?
Discriminating between 2 signs eg. distinguishing 'flower' from 'smell' and usually using each sign in the appropriate context.
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What does 'transfer' mean?
Generalising from one particular object to a general class of objects eg. using the sign 'flower' for different types of flower and the sign 'key' for a variety of keys.
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What does 'combinations' mean?
Once Washoe had about 8 signs, she combined them to make phrases eg. "go sweet" (being carried to the raspberry bush) and "listen dog" (at the sound of a barking dog).
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What words did Washoe learn?
'more', 'up', 'sweet', 'open' and 'tickle' in that order.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

After 14 months of training how many signs did Washoe know?

Back

13 signs

Card 3

Front

After 21 months of training how many signs did Washoe know?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the first sign Washoe learnt?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What were the 3 ways Washoe acquired language?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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