FUNCTIONALISM & SUBCULTURAL THEORIES

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  • Created by: Sam
  • Created on: 19-11-14 15:47

1. Murray: the generosity of welfare state has led to more l.p.fs and unemployed men, leading to the rise of the what?

  • Unskilled labour worker
  • Underclass
  • Benefit-fixated subculture
  • Married woman
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2. Tham: criticises Murray, as he found that Sweden also had welfare benefits - but in Sweden there was:

  • A stronger common history
  • More employment only
  • Less unemployment, less inequality and less inprisonment (even though Swedish benefits were higher)
  • Less of a moral panic about benefits

3. Subcultural theorists - Cloward & Ohlin created 3 responses to why w/c members deviate in different ways. These were:

  • Rebellion, victimised and poor groups
  • Criminal, ideological and harmful subcultures
  • Criminal, conflict and retreatist subcultures
  • Repressive, deterministic and critical subcultures

4. Which is not one of Merton's strain theory groups?

  • Rebels
  • Conformists
  • Retreatists
  • Ritualists
  • Disputists
  • Innovators

5. Cohen: formed the idea that criminal subcultures invert the values of mainstream society (what society condemns, they praise). This was known as the...

  • Opposite values hierarchy
  • Alternative status hierarchy
  • Inverted delinquency order
  • Criminal subculture structure

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