FUNCTIONALISM & SUBCULTURAL THEORIES

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  • Created by: Sam
  • Created on: 19-11-14 15:47

1. Durkheim says that 'crime is normal and an integral part of all healthy societies' as it...

  • Re-establishes boundaries, tracks social change and creates social solidarity
  • Highlights that crime will be punished
  • Shows that it is normal to commit crime
  • Helps the public understand that everyone can commit crime from time to time
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2. Subcultural theorists - Cloward & Ohlin created 3 responses to why w/c members deviate in different ways. These were:

  • Repressive, deterministic and critical subcultures
  • Rebellion, victimised and poor groups
  • Criminal, conflict and retreatist subcultures
  • Criminal, ideological and harmful subcultures

3. Tham: criticises Murray, as he found that Sweden also had welfare benefits - but in Sweden there was:

  • Less unemployment, less inequality and less inprisonment (even though Swedish benefits were higher)
  • More employment only
  • Less of a moral panic about benefits
  • A stronger common history

4. Burke criticises Cloward & Ohlin, as their subcultures are...

  • Vague and studied during the 1960s
  • Outdated and only based in Chicago
  • Outdated and only based in Seattle
  • Outdated, vague, unreliable and only based in Michigan

5. Marxists criticise functionalist views for not having a march of progress viewpoint. Also, Marxists say that socialisation teaches about...

  • The family and nothing else
  • Nothing but positive things
  • The ruling class' ideology
  • The improvements of class inequality over time

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