forensics ; psychological explanations ; psychodynamic explanations

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- inadequate superego
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what three things make up the tripartite structure of personality?
id / ego / superego
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superego is formed @ the end of what stage?
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when children resolve what?
oedipus / electra complex
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what does the superego work on?
morality principle
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and exters influence hiw?
punishing ego through guilt for wrongdoing
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while rewarding it for?
moral behavior
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blackburn argued if superego deficient or inadequate criminal behaviour is inevitable why?
id is given free rein and not properly ctrlled
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what are the three types of inadequate superego?
weak / deviant / over-harsh
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+ weak-superego
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what happens if same-sex parent is absent during phallic stage?
child can't internalise fully formed superego
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bc there's no opportunity for?
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what would this make more likely?
immoral / criminal behavior
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+ deviant superego
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occurs when?
superego chirld internalises has immorral / deviant values
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like a boy raised by a criminal father is not likely to do what?
associate guilt with wrongdiong
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+ over-harsh superego
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what does an excessively punitive superego mean?
individual crippled by guilt / anxiety
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this may unconscoiusly drive individual to perform criminal acrs why?
satisfy superego's overwhelming need for punishment
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- maternal deprivation theory
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what did bowlby argue about the ability to form meaningful relationships in adulthood?
dependent on child forming warm continuous relationship with mother
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maternal bond seen by bowlby as?
unique / superior to any other . vital to well-being and dev
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what would failure to establish such a bond in first few years of life mean?
child will experience a number of damaging and irreversible consequences later
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one of these is the development of a particular personality type known as?
affectionless psychopathy
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characterised by?
lack of guilt / empathy / feeling for others
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these maternally deprived individyals likely to do what?
engage in acts of delinquency
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and cannot develop close relationships with others why?
lack neccessary early experience to do so
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+ 44 juvenile thieves
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found through interviews with them and families that how many of the theives showed affectionless psychopathy?
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of this 14 how many had prolonged separation from mothers in infancy?
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in non-criminal group how many had this early separation?
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what did bowlby conclude?
effects of maternal deprivation caused affectionless and delinquent behaviour among theives
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:( gender bias
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what is an implicit freudian assumption about superego?
weaker in girls than boys
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because girls haven't experienced?
castration anxiety
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under less pressure to identify with mothers
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so how does thi effect superego?
less fully realised as well as morality
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implication of this should be?
females more prone to criminal behaviour than males
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hoffman did a study where children had to do waht?
resist temptation
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and what did he find?
hardly any evidence of gender difference
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and where there was?
girls more moral than boys
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this superegop thing is also disproved by?
official prison statistics
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:( contradictory evidence
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little evidence that children raised w/o same-sex parent are?
less law-abiding as adults
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which contradicts whose argument?
blackburns about weak superego
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if children raised by deviant parents go on to commit crime themselves this could be due to which other two things rathe than supergo?
genetics / socialisation
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why does argument criminal behaviour reflects unconcious desire for punishment seem implausible?
most offenders go to great lenths to conceal crimes
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want to avoid punishment @ all costs
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:( unconscious concepts
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why is popper quacking?
lack of falsifiability in theory as a whole
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unconscious aspects mean applications to crime aren't open to?
empirical testing
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in absence of supporting evidence how can these arguments only be judged?
face value > scientific worth
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for this reasons what are psydy exps regarded as?
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however in all fairness what about bowlby?
he provided ridiculous evidence but evidence nonetheless
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:( bowlby methodological issues
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he's bee accused of researacher bias why?
preconceptions of what expected to find may have influenced intervieweeresponses
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also failed to draw distinction between what in reaearch?
deprivation / privation
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many thieves had experienced privation so?
commentators have said thats more damaging than deprivation
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:( correlation not causation
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lewis analysed data drawn from interviews with how many young ppl?
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and found what about maternal deprivation?
poor predictor of future offending / ability to form close relationships
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even if there is a link this doesn;t necessarily indicate what/
causality between deprivation and delinquency
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maternal deprivation may be one reason for offending but is not?
only reason OR most decisive
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Card 2


- inadequate superego



Card 3


what three things make up the tripartite structure of personality?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


superego is formed @ the end of what stage?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


when children resolve what?


Preview of the front of card 5
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