forensics ; psychological explanations ; psychodynamic explanations

PSYDY EXPLANATIONS OF OFFENDING
EFGFDG
1 of 67
- inadequate superego
dfgd
2 of 67
what three things make up the tripartite structure of personality?
id / ego / superego
3 of 67
superego is formed @ the end of what stage?
phallic
4 of 67
when children resolve what?
oedipus / electra complex
5 of 67
what does the superego work on?
morality principle
6 of 67
and exters influence hiw?
punishing ego through guilt for wrongdoing
7 of 67
while rewarding it for?
moral behavior
8 of 67
with?
pride
9 of 67
blackburn argued if superego deficient or inadequate criminal behaviour is inevitable why?
id is given free rein and not properly ctrlled
10 of 67
what are the three types of inadequate superego?
weak / deviant / over-harsh
11 of 67
+ weak-superego
gfdg
12 of 67
what happens if same-sex parent is absent during phallic stage?
child can't internalise fully formed superego
13 of 67
bc there's no opportunity for?
identification
14 of 67
what would this make more likely?
immoral / criminal behavior
15 of 67
+ deviant superego
dgd
16 of 67
occurs when?
superego chirld internalises has immorral / deviant values
17 of 67
like a boy raised by a criminal father is not likely to do what?
associate guilt with wrongdiong
18 of 67
+ over-harsh superego
dgd
19 of 67
what does an excessively punitive superego mean?
individual crippled by guilt / anxiety
20 of 67
this may unconscoiusly drive individual to perform criminal acrs why?
satisfy superego's overwhelming need for punishment
21 of 67
- maternal deprivation theory
dfdf
22 of 67
what did bowlby argue about the ability to form meaningful relationships in adulthood?
dependent on child forming warm continuous relationship with mother
23 of 67
maternal bond seen by bowlby as?
unique / superior to any other . vital to well-being and dev
24 of 67
what would failure to establish such a bond in first few years of life mean?
child will experience a number of damaging and irreversible consequences later
25 of 67
one of these is the development of a particular personality type known as?
affectionless psychopathy
26 of 67
characterised by?
lack of guilt / empathy / feeling for others
27 of 67
these maternally deprived individyals likely to do what?
engage in acts of delinquency
28 of 67
and cannot develop close relationships with others why?
lack neccessary early experience to do so
29 of 67
+ 44 juvenile thieves
gdfg
30 of 67
found through interviews with them and families that how many of the theives showed affectionless psychopathy?
14
31 of 67
of this 14 how many had prolonged separation from mothers in infancy?
12
32 of 67
in non-criminal group how many had this early separation?
2
33 of 67
what did bowlby conclude?
effects of maternal deprivation caused affectionless and delinquent behaviour among theives
34 of 67
EVALUATION
DFGD
35 of 67
:( gender bias
fbfdgd
36 of 67
what is an implicit freudian assumption about superego?
weaker in girls than boys
37 of 67
because girls haven't experienced?
castration anxiety
38 of 67
meaning?
under less pressure to identify with mothers
39 of 67
so how does thi effect superego?
less fully realised as well as morality
40 of 67
implication of this should be?
females more prone to criminal behaviour than males
41 of 67
hoffman did a study where children had to do waht?
resist temptation
42 of 67
and what did he find?
hardly any evidence of gender difference
43 of 67
and where there was?
girls more moral than boys
44 of 67
this superegop thing is also disproved by?
official prison statistics
45 of 67
:( contradictory evidence
dfgdf
46 of 67
little evidence that children raised w/o same-sex parent are?
less law-abiding as adults
47 of 67
which contradicts whose argument?
blackburns about weak superego
48 of 67
if children raised by deviant parents go on to commit crime themselves this could be due to which other two things rathe than supergo?
genetics / socialisation
49 of 67
why does argument criminal behaviour reflects unconcious desire for punishment seem implausible?
most offenders go to great lenths to conceal crimes
50 of 67
suggesting?
want to avoid punishment @ all costs
51 of 67
:( unconscious concepts
dfgg
52 of 67
why is popper quacking?
lack of falsifiability in theory as a whole
53 of 67
unconscious aspects mean applications to crime aren't open to?
empirical testing
54 of 67
in absence of supporting evidence how can these arguments only be judged?
face value > scientific worth
55 of 67
for this reasons what are psydy exps regarded as?
pseudoscientific
56 of 67
however in all fairness what about bowlby?
he provided ridiculous evidence but evidence nonetheless
57 of 67
EVAL EXTRA
SDGD
58 of 67
:( bowlby methodological issues
dgdfg
59 of 67
he's bee accused of researacher bias why?
preconceptions of what expected to find may have influenced intervieweeresponses
60 of 67
also failed to draw distinction between what in reaearch?
deprivation / privation
61 of 67
many thieves had experienced privation so?
commentators have said thats more damaging than deprivation
62 of 67
:( correlation not causation
sdgdfg
63 of 67
lewis analysed data drawn from interviews with how many young ppl?
500
64 of 67
and found what about maternal deprivation?
poor predictor of future offending / ability to form close relationships
65 of 67
even if there is a link this doesn;t necessarily indicate what/
causality between deprivation and delinquency
66 of 67
maternal deprivation may be one reason for offending but is not?
only reason OR most decisive
67 of 67

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

- inadequate superego

Back

dfgd

Card 3

Front

what three things make up the tripartite structure of personality?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

superego is formed @ the end of what stage?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

when children resolve what?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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