Ford and Widiger - Sex bias in diagnosis of disorders

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  • Created by: Steff06
  • Created on: 31-05-16 10:07
Describe the aim of Ford and Widiger's research
To find out if clinicians were stereotyping genders when diagnosing disorders.
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What was the methodology used?
A self-report. Health practitioners were given scenarios and asked to make diagnoses based on the information.
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What was the independent variable and the dependent variable?
The independent variable was the gender of the patient in the case study and the dependent variable was the diagnosis made by the clinician.
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Who were the participants in Ford and Widiger's study?
354 clinical psychologists from 1127 randomly selected from the National Register.
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Describe the mean experience and how many replied
Mean age of 15.6 years clinical experience. 266 psychologists responded to the case histories.
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Describe the design used for Ford and Widiger's study
Independent design as each participant was given a male, female or sex-unspecified case.
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Explain the procedure
Participants were randomly provided with 1 of 9 case histories. Case studies of patients with antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) or histronic personality disorder (HPD) or an equal balance of symptoms from both were given to each therapist.
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How were the therapists asked to diagnose the illness?
Asked to diagnose illness in each study by rating on a 7 point scale, the extent to which the patient appeared to have each of the disorders.
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What were the 9 disorders?
Dysthymic, adjustment, alcohol abuse, cyclothymic disorder, narcissistic, histrionic, passive-aggressive, antisocial, borderline personality disorder.
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What were the findings about sex-unspecified cases?
Sex-unspecified case histories were diagnosed most often with borderline personality disorder.
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Describe the findings about diagnosis of ASPD
ASPD was correctly diagnosed 42% of the time in males and 15% of the time in females.
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Describe findings about misdiagnosing HPD
Women with ASPD were misdiagnosed with HPD 46% of the time, males were only misdiagnosed with HPD 15% of the time.
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How often was HPD correctly diagnosed?
HPD was correctly diagnosed in 76% of females and 44% of males.
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What was the conclusion found about biases?
Found that practitioners are biased by stereotypical views of genders.
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How did this conclusion come about?
There was a clear tendency to diagnose females with HPD even when their case histories were of ASPD. Tendency to not diagnose males with HPD.
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What are the characteristics of HPD?
Excessive emotional behaviour, attention seeking, need for approval and inappropriate seductiveness.
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What are these characteristics specific to?
Said to be gender specific by some clinicians which leads more readily to a diagnoses of a 'female typical' disorder.
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Card 2

Front

What was the methodology used?

Back

A self-report. Health practitioners were given scenarios and asked to make diagnoses based on the information.

Card 3

Front

What was the independent variable and the dependent variable?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Who were the participants in Ford and Widiger's study?

Back

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Card 5

Front

Describe the mean experience and how many replied

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