Dysfunctional Behaviour

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  • Created by: Flo
  • Created on: 05-06-13 13:15
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  • Dysfunctional Behaviour
    • Definitions of dysfunctional behaviour
      • STATISTICAL INFREQUENCY
        • Any behaviour which lies outside the range most people fall into is abmnormal(includes rare behaviour)
          • One issue is that some rare behaviours are highly valued-high IQ or music skill
            • EVALUATION
              • Any behaviour which lies outside the range most people fall into is abmnormal(includes rare behaviour)
                • One issue is that some rare behaviours are highly valued-high IQ or music skill
                  • EVALUATION
                    • Abnormal if violate unwritten rules of expect behaviour in a particular social group.
                      • Social behaviour varies with different cultures- in some countries women drivers deviate from social norms.
                    • Social behaviour varies with different cultures- in some countries women drivers deviate from social norms.
                    • Abnormal if unable to cope with demands of everyday life.
                      • Unable to self-care, hold down a job, interact meaningfully with others, make themselves understood
                    • Unable to self-care, hold down a job, interact meaningfully with others, make themselves understood
              • Abnormal if violate unwritten rules of expect behaviour in a particular social group.
                • Abnormal if unable to cope with demands of everyday life.
      • DEVIATION FROM SOCIAL NORMS
        • Definitions of dysfunctional behaviour
          • STATISTICAL INFREQUENCY
        • Some behaviours which are highly valued are seen as abnormal- e.g high IQ.
          • Mainly used in the USA.
            • DSM IV
          • Lists nearly 300 mental disorders.
            • DSM IV
          • Differences
            • EVALUATION
              • Similarities
              • Axis III- Physical disorders and conditions (e.g diabetes, heart condition)
                • Axis IV- Psychosocial stressors- (divorce, death, unemployment)
                  • Axis V- Global assesment of functioning(GAF)- overall judgement of current functioning.
            • ICD used worldwide, DSM mainly used in USA.
          • Biases in Diagnosis
            • FORD AND WIDIGER
              • Aimed to see if clinicians were stereotyping in diagnosis.
                • Self-report- clinicians given scenarios and asked to make diagnosis on information.
                  • IV= Gender DV= diagnosis given
            • Dysfunctional Behaviour
            • P's= 354 clinicial psychologists from 1127, randomly selected from national register.
              • IDM design, each participant given female, male or sex-unspecified case.
            • Validity- Self report= questionned validity (social desirability bias or demand characteristics)
              • EVALUATION
                • FORD AND WIDIGER
                  • Aimed to see if clinicians were stereotyping in diagnosis.
                    • Self-report- clinicians given scenarios and asked to make diagnosis on information.
                      • IV= Gender DV= diagnosis given
            • Usefulness- very useful as highlights flaws in diagnosis. Provides practical applications to improve diagnosis through eliminating gender stereotypes.
              • EVALUATION

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