Findings and Conclusions Bennett-Levy and Marteau (1984)

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What was the most feared and most avoided animal?
Rat with a score of 2.08 and also the most avoided with a score of 3.9
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which was the ugliest and slimiest animal?
It was the slug with an ugly score of 2.63 and a slimy score of 2.9
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Which was the speediest and most suddenly moving animal?
Lizard with a speedy score of 2.53 and most suddenly moving 2.78
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What was the correlation between feat and avoidance in Q1?
It was a strong positive correlation of 0.9
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What was the correlation between fear on Q1 and ugliness on Q2?
It was a positive correlation of 0.82
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On Q1, what was found out about females?
Were less willing to approach or pick up 10 of the animals such as jellyfish, cockroach or spider. Also, women also feared most of the animals more than men
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Were there any sex differences on Q2?
No
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What did B-L find out about the animals with the four perceptual characteristics of ugly, slimy, speedy and suddenly moving?
That these were also the animals that also were the least approachable and most fear provoking?
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Why do we fear animals?
As they differ from the human form- phobias are caused by the discrepancy principle
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How do psychiatrists need to deal with the phobic's perception of the an animals as ugly, slimy, speedy and suddenly moving?
With systematic desensitization.
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What does the degree to which humans are prepared to approach/fear an animal depend on?
not only its harmfulness, but also on the presence of a certain fear evoking perceptual properties, and it's discrepancy from the human form
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which was the ugliest and slimiest animal?

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It was the slug with an ugly score of 2.63 and a slimy score of 2.9

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Which was the speediest and most suddenly moving animal?

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Card 4

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What was the correlation between feat and avoidance in Q1?

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Card 5

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What was the correlation between fear on Q1 and ugliness on Q2?

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