- Created by: _bella_
- Created on: 11-02-19 14:56
Key family policies
1942- Beveridge Report- led to NHS and implementation of welfare state, meant that the pooerest in soc. had support
1969 Divorce Reform Act- meant couples could divorce due to marital breakdown w/o finding fault
1975 Sex Discirmination Act- illegal to discriminate on grounds of sex
1970- Equal Pay Act- men and women given the same amount of pay
1991- **** within marriage made illegal
2004 Civil Partenership Act- Gay couples given the same rights as heterosexual married couples
2014 Same Sex Marriage Act
New Right Family Policies 1979-97
Child Support Agency (CSA) 1991- attempt to make fathers pay maintenance for their children (To discourage men from having children outside marriage/ divorced)
Many benefits cut to encourag efathers to go out and provide
Privatisation of healthcare for elderly- falling burden on family (mainly women)
Failed to make childcare free/cost less- forcing women to stay home and take on expressie role
Each reform seemed to undermine a womans position in soc. by reinforcing gender roles
Policies seem to blame single-parent families for breakdown in soc.
New Labour policies 1997-2010
More maternity pay and leave, introduced paternity leave
Free childcare for 2 1/2 yr olds- easier for women to return to work
The New Deal 1998- helped parents enter paid work, training or education.
Winter fuel for elderly- reducing potential for illness
Accused of being Nanny State
Overly generous, make people dependent on welfare state + Gov.
Link-New Right underclass Murray
Nuclear family- Favoured by funct., NR.
Traditional gender roles, mother + father married with children.
(2013) 18.2 million families w/ married coupels
Partners live together but unmarried, w/ or w/o children
Make up 2.9 million households (2013)
Stutchberry + Wilson- found they aren't as stable as married couples, but only due to social class.
NR this type of family contributes toi breakdown of nuclear family.
Reconstitued Family Increased w/ divorce (39% from 2003-2013)
Family Diversity cont.
Extended Family- Nuclear fam, w/ addition of grandparents, aunts, uncles, cousins, etc
Common amongst ehnic groups (Such as Indian or Eastern European)
Beanpole Family- Developed by Brannen
Multi-gen family w/ few children + grandparents play important role
Brannen concerned w/ lack of siblings in childhood
Single-Parent Families- One parent looking after children
Grown over 40 yrs
5-7% of households
Dunne- there is an absence of gender scripts
Family Diversity cont.
Living Apart Together- couples working in different locations
Choice: maintaining independence while at the same time being in a relationship
Migration: one partner works abroad
Globalisation: people work in different countries
Single Parent Households
29% of households
Product of divorce (mainly men), may be in relationships or co-parent
Feminists- positive for women as they are independent from men
Personal Life- Smart
Considerd as Interpretivivist in its apporach
Identifys increase in family diversity due to change in attitudes, fluidity and CHOICE
Modern sociological pers. dont apply as we're now in a postmod. soc.
Beck- Risk soc.
W/ greater choice comes greater instability in the family. See in increase in dovorce rates
Stacey- Postmod. Feminist women have more choice and benefit from this due to increase in choice
Giddens- Soc. is more individualistic and expect emotionl fulfilment from relationships
Postmod's argue globalistation and migration has impacted the family (LAT families and Multicultural marriages)
Ignore impact of social class and gender has on the family
Don't offer solutions to problems in the family such as domestic abuse or poverty