Families and Government Social Policy

Define Social Policy
A law, policy or act created and enforced by the governemnt with the intention of addressing social problems in society
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Define Familial Ideology
A set of ideas and beliefs about what constitutes an ideal or perfect family
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What is the Conservative familial ideology?
It is the responsibility of the family to teach children norms and values. This happens best in two parent, heterosexual, nuclear families
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What is the Labour familial ideology?
In 21st Century Britain there is a wide variety of different family forms. Family diversity is positive and should be celebrated
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What legislation did the New Right (Margaret Thatcher) introduce regarding homosexulaity?
They banned the promotion of homosexuality and teaching that homosexuality was an acceptable family relationship
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Outline and explain three Conservative direct social policies
Marriage Act 2013; Marriage Allowance (2014); Troubled Families Agenda (2011); Child Benefit; Working Together To Safeguard Children (2015)
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Outline and explain three Labour direct social polcies
Divorce Reform Act (1969); Sure Start (2000); Adoption and Children Act (2002); Civil Partnerships Act (2005)
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Outline and explain two indirect educational social policies
Compulsory education or training until the age of 18 means children are dependent for longer. Increased sex education in schools lowered birth rates and resulted in fewer teenage pregnancies
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Outline and explain two indirect healhcare social policies
The creation of the NHS means families do not need health insurance or bills. Free contraception means women have more freedom to control reproduction, have fewer children or have children later in life
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Outline and explain one indirect transport social policy
Family discounts for travel like the family ticket encourages people to be in a traditional nuclear family
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Outline and explain one indirect employment social policy
Equality Act 2011: Allows women to be breadwinners too
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Outline and explain one indirect housing social policy
Council Houses are allocated to married couples with children to encourage the nuclear family structure
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Outline and explain one indirect immigration social policy
European Union Membership: Rise in economic migrants
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What is the Functionalist view on social policies and what does Fletcher argue?
Social policies should be in the interests of society. Fletcher argues the introduction of health, education and housing polciies led to the development of the welfare state which supports the family in performing its functions
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What is the Marxist view on social policy?
Government policies serve Capitalism and the bourgeoisie
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Describe Donzelot's surveillance theory
Social polcies observe, monitor and police proletariat families. Poor families are more likely to be seen as 'problems' and receive Parenting Orders
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What is the New Labour view on social policy?
State intervention can improve life for all family members. They are pro-family diversity and polciies were aimed at lifting children out of poverty
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What is the Feminist view on social policy?
Social policies maintain patriarchy by reinforcing patriarchal roles and relationships
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Descrbie Drew's gender regimes concept
Familistic gender regimes are when policies promote the tradtional patriarchal division whereas individualistic gender regimes encourage equality
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What is the New Right view on social policies?
Social policies should be reduced and benefits cut so more people have the incentive to work
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What does Charles Murray argue?
New Labour policies weaken the family's self-reliance by providing too many benefits. Therefore more children grow up without a strong, authorative male role model which increases the chance of juvenile delinquency
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What was social policy like in China 1979-2015?
The one-child policy was introduced. Women had to seek permission to become pregnant and couples who complied got priority education and healthcare
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What was social policy like in Nazi Germany?
Nazi policy sought to keep women out of the workforce and confine them to 'kitchen, children and church'. 375,000 people who were deemed unfit to reproduce were sterilisied
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Define Familial Ideology

Back

A set of ideas and beliefs about what constitutes an ideal or perfect family

Card 3

Front

What is the Conservative familial ideology?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the Labour familial ideology?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What legislation did the New Right (Margaret Thatcher) introduce regarding homosexulaity?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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