Factors Affecting Jury Decision-Making Evaluation

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  • Created by: tomtom11
  • Created on: 13-06-17 12:57
Factors Affecting Jury Decision Making: Gender STRENGTH- Thomas (2010)
Found that females jurors were more prone to changing their mind and more open to persuasion than male jurors.
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Factors Affecting Jury Decision Making: Gender STRENGTH- Schvey et al (2013)
Found male participants = larger weight bias than females. No differences of guilt depending on whether a male defendant was lean/obese.
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Factors Affecting Jury Decision Making: Gender WEAKNESS- Mossiere and Dalby (2008)
Didn't find an effect of gender on sentencing, with age seeming to have an effect but older participants recommending not guilty as a verdict more often than younger jurors.
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Factors Affecting Jury Decision Making: Accent STRENGTH- Monahan and Loftus (1982)
Gives strength of mock juror studies, such as enabling the relatively ethical study of jury decision-making to happen when there isn't a real jury. As well as extralegal variables to be manipulated for study.
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Factors Affecting Jury Decision Making: Accent STRENGTH of application
It's useful to society as it can highlight that there can be unattractive harshness bias, as well as a need to know if jurors are affected by extralegal factors, so they can be put right.
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Factors Affecting Jury Decision Making: Accent WEAKNESS of reductionism
Reductionism can be destructive, with it being seen that in real life one characteristic at a time doesn't affect the juror, with gender, race, physical attractiveness and other features being combined to affect a juror's decision.
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Factors Affecting Jury Decision Making: Accent WEAKNESS of generalisability
Research frequently uses students as mock jurors. As a more generalisable approach would be a community sample, as jurors represent the community.
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Factors Affecting Jury Decision Making: Attractiveness STRENGTH- Saladin et al (1988)
Findings were that the unattractive men were considered more likely to have committed crime than attractive men. But not if people are considered to be using their attractiveness for the crime, like in fraud.
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Factors Affecting Jury Decision Making: Attractiveness STRENGTH- Taylor and Butcher (2007)
More likely to find the less attractive black defendants guilty than white defendants, suggesting that decision-making is a little more holistic.
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Factors Affecting Jury Decision Making: Attractiveness WEAKNESS- Mazzella and Feingold (1994)
Suggests the advantage of being attractive only works for some crimes like **** and robbery.
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Factors Affecting Jury Decision Making: Attractiveness WEAKNESS- Abwender and Hough (2001)
Read a story about a murder where the defendant's attractiveness and race were varied. Women participants = less lenient to the unattractive female than attractive one. Men showed the opposite.
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Factors Affecting Jury Decision Making: Race STRENGTH- Mitchell et al (2005)
Meta-analysis of 34 studies, and found that black male drug users are 13x more likely to be sentenced to jail than white male drug users, even if drug use between the groups is equivalent.
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Factors Affecting Jury Decision Making: Race STRENGTH- Bradbury and Williams (2013)
Black defendants = less likely to be convicted by a black jury, more likely to be convicted by white + Hispanic juries.
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Factors Affecting Jury Decision Making: Race WEAKNESS- Mazzella and Feingold (1994)
29 studies, and found other factors were at play. For example, blacks were more likely to receive longer sentences for homicide but white were more likely to receive longer sentences on fraud.
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Factors Affecting Jury Decision Making: Race WEAKNESS- Williams and Holcomb (2001)
Found race of defendant didn't predict the death sentence in Ohio.
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Factors Affecting Jury Decision Making: Pre-Trial Publicity STRENGTH- Steblay et al (1999)
Meta-analysis of 44 studies, finding that Jurors exposed to negative pre-trial publicity = likely to judge the defendant guilty compared to less or no pre-trial publicity.
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Factors Affecting Jury Decision Making: Pre-Trial Publicity STRENGTH- Kovera (2002)
Two **** cases w/ varying media exposure (some pro-defence, some not). Students who watched the former = said more info needed than ones who watched the latter.
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Factors Affecting Jury Decision Making: Pre-Trial Publicity WEAKNESS of mock trials.
Lots of these studies use mock juries, which are not representative of real Juries because in mock Juries there's not the responsibility of taking someone's life away, so people are less likely to be cautious.
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Card 2

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Factors Affecting Jury Decision Making: Gender STRENGTH- Schvey et al (2013)

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Found male participants = larger weight bias than females. No differences of guilt depending on whether a male defendant was lean/obese.

Card 3

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Factors Affecting Jury Decision Making: Gender WEAKNESS- Mossiere and Dalby (2008)

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Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

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Factors Affecting Jury Decision Making: Accent STRENGTH- Monahan and Loftus (1982)

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Card 5

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Factors Affecting Jury Decision Making: Accent STRENGTH of application

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