Explanations for Forgetting: Retrieval Failure

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  • Created by: EliseCeri
  • Created on: 14-05-16 16:08
What is meant by retrieval failure?
It occurs when we don't have the necessary cues to access memory.
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What is the encoding specificity principle?
It states that if a cue there to help us recall information, it has to be present at encoding.
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What is a cue?
A cue is a trigger of information that allows us to access a memory?
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What types of retrieval failure are there?
Context-dependent and state-dependent
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What is context-dependent forgetting?
Refers to the affect the environment has on your ability to recall information
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Who did research into Context-dependent forgetting?
Goddon and Baddeley: deep sea divers
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What was the results of the findings?
Accurate recall was 40% lower in the non-matching conditions.
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What is state-dependent forgetting?
Refers to the affect the physical or psychological state of a person has on their ability to recall information.
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Who did research into State-Dependent forgetting?
Carter and Cassaday: anti-histamine drugs
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what were the results of the findings?
recall was significantly lower in the non-matching conditions
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What is a strength for Retrieval failure?
The supporting evidence for it such as carter and cassady and Goddon and Baddeley
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What is a limitation for retrieval failure?
Baddeley argues that the effects of context are not actually very strong because it's hard to find a contrast such as land and water
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What is another limitation for retrieval failure?
the presence or absence of cues only affect memory when you test it in a certain way
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Card 2

Front

What is the encoding specificity principle?

Back

It states that if a cue there to help us recall information, it has to be present at encoding.

Card 3

Front

What is a cue?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What types of retrieval failure are there?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is context-dependent forgetting?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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