Natural and Moral Evil

Natural Evil
This is evil that is out of human contol; it is what the world does to us. This can be in the form of floods, eathquakes and tsunamis. Natural evil is mainly due to the chance of how the operation of the laws of nature occur.
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Moral Evil
This is evil that is due to acts committed by human beings. For example, ****, murder and theft. More so, it can be explained in terms of human interaction. E.g not helping a person who is in danger or trouble.
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Example of Natural Evil
2008 Sichuan Earthquake within China; over 70,000 people died and 5 million were made homeless.
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Example of Natural Evil in the Bible
God uses natural evil within the Old testemant to punish people; the plague within Egypt to persuade the Pharoah to free the slaves (Exodus 7:8) Within the New Testement, Jesus heals people of natural evil; for example, blindness and leprosy is cured
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Example of Moral Evil
Ted Bundy was an American serial killer within the 1940s; he reportedly had 30+ victims.
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Example of Moral Evil
The Holocaust was the systematic killing of Jewish people within WWII by Nazi Geramny; 6 million Jewish people were exterminated by the Nazi, majority whom were children.
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The Logical Problem of Evil
Proposed as the 'Inconsistent Triad' by Mackie; The presence of evil is inconistent with belief in an omnipotent, benevolent God.
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Epicurus' view on Evil
Epicurus highlights the contadiction in the presence of evil, stating if God can prevent evil and doesn't, he is 'malevolent.'
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Solutions to the Logical problem #1
Deny God's omnipotence; God cannot control evil and cannot be held accountable (refer to process theology.) Yet, this undermimes central belief about God in many faiths. Worthy of worship?
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Solution to the Logical Problem #2
Deny God's benevolence; However, this is impossible for a religious believer as God's key characteristics are surronded in the fact he is loving and caring.
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Solution to the Logical Problem #3
Deny that Evil exists; St Augustine of Hippo stated evil is simplying a privation of good and isn't a thing in itself. Yet, those who have experineced the power of evil would disagree. E.g a woman whose child is murdered in the gas chamber.
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The Evidential Problem of Evil
Why is evil overwhelming in quality and quantity? There is clearly pointless suffering that serves no purpose. God is omniscient so why is this occuring?
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Overwhelming in Quality and Quantity: Natural Evil
Why did God not programme laws of Nature to be less destructive. For example, 251 million years ago, a mass extinction occured called the 'Great Dying.'Majority of land/marine species died from diseases and an asteriod strike. God didn't intervene?
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Overwhelming in Qyality and Quantity: Moral Evil
Dostoyevsky's charcter Ivan outlines a case of severe child abuse. He states a God that allows such is unworthy of worship; Ivan 'rejects' his ticket from heaven. Evil clealy undermimes God's qualities as such evil is unaccountable for.
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Pointless evil
Rowe higlights the case of a fawn being badly burnt due to a forest fire, laying in agony for days until dying. This can be seen as pointless suffering; no good comes from this. The fawn suffers and dies alone.
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God's omniscience
God, before making the universe, would have known the extent of evil that would occur. It raises the question as to why God created the world; The universe has too much overwhelming and pointless suffering for there to be any apparent good.
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Evil and Suffering; Directly Linked
Suffering is directly linked to evil. Evil can cause mental and physical suffering. Natural evil and moral evil can be combined to cause suffering.
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Suffering is Good?
Learn from mistakes; teach key virtues; pain of injection can prevent disease; surgery can cause the body to heal.
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Suffering = Best feelings in Humans?
Suffering can cause sympathy and compassion for a person. For example, giving to the poor and helping those in war zones.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

This is evil that is due to acts committed by human beings. For example, ****, murder and theft. More so, it can be explained in terms of human interaction. E.g not helping a person who is in danger or trouble.

Back

Moral Evil

Card 3

Front

2008 Sichuan Earthquake within China; over 70,000 people died and 5 million were made homeless.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

God uses natural evil within the Old testemant to punish people; the plague within Egypt to persuade the Pharoah to free the slaves (Exodus 7:8) Within the New Testement, Jesus heals people of natural evil; for example, blindness and leprosy is cured

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Ted Bundy was an American serial killer within the 1940s; he reportedly had 30+ victims.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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