augustinian theodicy

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  • Created by: Fi Alade
  • Created on: 09-04-14 16:38
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  • The Augustinian Theodicy
    • According to Aug. and Aq.
      • creation is perfect
        • man is created in the image of God - wholly good
      • evil is a privatio boni
        • evil does not exist in itself but it is a falling short of goodness
          • as evil does not actually exist there is nothing for God to eradicate
      • moral evil is a result of human disobedience
        • adam and eve
          • we are all guilty because we were all seminally present in Adam
        • suffering is caused by sin and is also a punishment for sin
          • God is not responsible forevil and suffering
      • God is all powerful and all knowing
      • God gave creation free will
    • natural evil
      • augustine
        • result of human and angelic free will
          • moral choices have a mystical impact on the world
            • earthquakes not an original part of creation
              • natural world has fallen short of perfection
      • aquinas
        • natural evil is only evil from a human viewpoint
          • anything that does what it was intended to do is good e.g. volcanoes
            • natural evil does not exist
        • God's goodness is not moral goodness
          • Untitled
    • principle of plenitude
      • harsh lives which seem unfair creatye a diversity in the world which shows the range of God's creation
        • diversity contributes to bringing about perfection of the whole world
          • all things that can exist will come into existence. things are not bad because they contribute to overall goodness
    • aesthetic argument
      • only God sees the world as a whole
        • evil highlights the goodness of the world
          • in the final days evil will be punished and God's grace will be shown
            • omni-benevolence = sending Christ to save


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