Events of Book 16 - The Iliad

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1. Why doesn't Zeus save his son, Sarpedon, from being killed by Patroclus?

  • Hera convinces him that other Gods will look down on him if he interferes with the mortals.
  • Hephaestus convinces him that Sarpedon's destiny dictates that he must die in this battle.
  • Aphrodite refuses to obey Zeus in the future if he decides to interfere with the life of a mortal.
  • Athene convinces him that it is time for the Achaeans to take the upper hand in battle.
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2. Why does Zeus decide that Patroclus must die?

  • Patroclus wounded Hector.
  • Patroclus disobeyed Achilles.
  • Patroclus killed Zeus' son, Sarpedon.
  • Patroclus wounded Zeus' daughter, Aphrodite.

3. What does Patroclus do with Sarpedon after he kills him?

  • He takes him armour.
  • He taunts him.
  • He brings him back to the Achaean camp.
  • He hands him over to Hector.

4. How does Apollo help in Patroclus' death?

  • He makes him drop his shield, making it easier for Trygaeus to kill him.
  • He stuns him, making it easier for Sarpedon to kill him.
  • He wounds him, making it easier for Hector to kill him.
  • He fills him with cowardice, making it easier for Paris to kill him.

5. What does Hector foreshadow when he taunts the dying Patroclus?

  • His own death.
  • His brother's death.
  • The fall of Ilium.
  • His son's death.


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