Events of Book 16 - The Iliad

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1. Why doesn't Zeus save his son, Sarpedon, from being killed by Patroclus?

  • Hera convinces him that other Gods will look down on him if he interferes with the mortals.
  • Hephaestus convinces him that Sarpedon's destiny dictates that he must die in this battle.
  • Aphrodite refuses to obey Zeus in the future if he decides to interfere with the life of a mortal.
  • Athene convinces him that it is time for the Achaeans to take the upper hand in battle.
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2. How does Zeus interfere with Hector in this book?

  • He fills him with jealousy.
  • He fills him with confidence.
  • He fills him with cowardice.
  • He fills him with delusion.

3. What does Patroclus do with Sarpedon after he kills him?

  • He brings him back to the Achaean camp.
  • He takes him armour.
  • He taunts him.
  • He hands him over to Hector.

4. Why does Zeus decide that Patroclus must die?

  • Patroclus wounded Hector.
  • Patroclus killed Zeus' son, Sarpedon.
  • Patroclus wounded Zeus' daughter, Aphrodite.
  • Patroclus disobeyed Achilles.

5. What are Achilles' instructions to Patroclus for when he goes into battle?

  • To return as soon as the ships are saved.
  • To pursue the Trojans until Ilium falls.
  • To kill Hector and retrieve Helen.
  • To wound Agamemnon but not to kill him.


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