Ethical Theories

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  • Created by: Ellen
  • Created on: 08-05-14 15:14
Ethics
Moral ideas on how people should conduct themselves.
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Utilitarianism
•the doctrine that an action is right in so far as it promotes happiness, and that the greatest happiness of the greatest number should be the guiding principle of conduct.
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Act Utilitarianism
when faced with a choice, we must first consider the likely consequences of potential actions in that particular case and, from that, choose to do what we believe will generate the most overall happiness.
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Rule Utilitarianism
an action should only be carried out if it follows a rule that morally should be followed at all times. Rule Utilitarians may agree that there are some general exception rules that allow the breaking of other rules if this increases happiness
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Divine Command Theory
action is right if God has decreed that it is right, and that that an act is obligatory if and only if (and because) it is commanded by God
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Kantian Ethics
people must act according to duty, and that it is the motives of the person who carries out the action that make them right or wrong, not the consequences of the actions.
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Natural Law
an ethical belief or system of beliefs supposed to be inherent in human nature and discoverable by reason rather than revelation
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Virtue Ethics
focuses on the inherent character of a person rather than on the nature or consequences of specific actions performed
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Deontological
ethics that focuses on the rightness or wrongness of actions themselves
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teleological
morally right action is one that produces a good outcome or consequence
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

•the doctrine that an action is right in so far as it promotes happiness, and that the greatest happiness of the greatest number should be the guiding principle of conduct.

Back

Utilitarianism

Card 3

Front

when faced with a choice, we must first consider the likely consequences of potential actions in that particular case and, from that, choose to do what we believe will generate the most overall happiness.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

an action should only be carried out if it follows a rule that morally should be followed at all times. Rule Utilitarians may agree that there are some general exception rules that allow the breaking of other rules if this increases happiness

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

action is right if God has decreed that it is right, and that that an act is obligatory if and only if (and because) it is commanded by God

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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