1. What are the four developmental stages of spelling identified by Gentry?
- pre phonemic, semiphonetic, phonetic, transitional
- observation, comment, narrative, report
- prepatory stage, consolidation stage, differentiation stage, integration stage
- conventional letters, invented spelling, appropriate spelling, correct spelling
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2. Whats an ascender?
- using symbols to express meaning
- parts of letters that go down from the line
- parts of letters that go up from the line
- understanding that in English we write from left to right
3. What did the behaviourist Skinner say?
- When children hear examples or language they fit these into their (unconscious) mental model of how language works.
- Children learn to speak by imitating their parents and being rewarded or punished according to the accuracy of their utterances
- Langyage development goes hand in hand with the development of thinking and knowledge (cognitive development).
- Language is social 'children learn to use language initially... to get what they want, to play games, to stay connected to those whom are dependent.
4. What is a common feature of the telegraphic stage?
- that children use two word combinations
- that children use holophrases
- that children commonly omit function words
- that children have grammatically complex combinations
5. What is Berko & Brown's fis phenomenon?
- The view that the comprehension of phonological patterns and the meanings they represent develop faster than the childs ability to say them
- the theory that children whose mothers talk to them more have larger vocabularies
- the theory that parents often respond to the truth in what their child is saying rather than correcting their grammatical mistakes
- using language to indicate a need they want satisfying.