Child Language Acquisition A* Thinking SPEECH (A2/A Level) Quiz For The Super Nerds

What are proto words?
'made up' words that a child will use to represent a word they can't pronounce eg blankie for blanket or ray rays for raisins
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What are the stages of acquisition? (in order)
pre verbal - holophrastic - two word - telegraphic - post telegraphic
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Name two types of babbling
reduplicated and variegated
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what is cooing?
distinct from crying but not forming distinct consonants or vowels
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What did Jerome Bruner do?
Social Interactionism
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What did Jean Piaget do?
stages of development
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what is the tabula rasa?
Latin for 'blank slate' - used to define children being born with undeveloped fresh brains.
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what does LAD mean?
Language Acquisition Device
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What did Skinner do?
Behaviorism
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What did Noam Chomsky do?
Nativism
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What is operant conditioning?
the idea that either a positive or negative response given by a caregiver can influence the way that the child thinks on certain occasions
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What did Lee Vygotsky do?
Scaffolding
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Give three features of CDS
higher or melodic pitch, repetition, slower and clearer speech
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Remember pragmatics? tell me about them
MAGIC: Goffman and face needs - politeness features as learned behaviors
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What was Garvey's book called and what year was it published?
Play the developing child (1977)
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What did Berko do?
The Wug Test
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what are units of meaning within a word which depend on other morphemes to make sense?
Bound Morphemes
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What does MLU mean?
Mean Length of Utterance
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What is Nativism?
The brain has a natural ability to learn language through systems such as grammar and syntax. The term universal grammar is used to describe the global capacity of this and the similarities between world grammar systems have been used as evidence.
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What is Behaviourism?
all behaviour is a result of conditioning we experience rather than freedom of choice
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What is the Fis Theory?
"Is this your fis?" he rejected the statement. When asked "Is this your fish?" he responded "Yes my fis.
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What is the Wug Test?
1958. Berko. children have understanding of morphology than they have been taught
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What was the Genie Case Study?
Challenging nativist theory, between the age of 20 months and 13 years, the parents locked her in a room without much outside contact, when she was discovered in 1970 it was found that she could not communicate.
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What is Scaffolding?
the support provided by caregivers through modelling how speech should take place to help development
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Name Piaget's stages of development
sensorimotor, pre-operational, concrete, formal operational
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What is social interactionism?
Suggests that caregivers and guardians play an important role in the child's life
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What is object permanence?
an understanding that objects still exist even when they can't be seen or touched
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Tomasello's usage based linguistics - explain
ability to learn language is primarily social, and relies on other processes of learning to be learnt
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What is CDS?
Child Directed Speech
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What is Child Directed Speech?
various ways in which a caregiver adapts speech to aid child in language development
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what is the two-word stage?
child put two word together
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what is the telegraphic stage?
kid's utterances are three words and more but with omission of some
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what is the post-telegraphic stage?
when kids lang includes content and grammatical words and more closely resembles adult speech
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what are content words?
words within a sentence that are vital to convey meaning
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what are grammatical words?
words within a sentence to demonstrate structural accuracy
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are the stages of acquisition? (in order)

Back

pre verbal - holophrastic - two word - telegraphic - post telegraphic

Card 3

Front

Name two types of babbling

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

what is cooing?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did Jerome Bruner do?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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