English Language Glossary

MLU
Mean Length Utterance, the average length of words from speech
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Prescriptivism
The standardisation of language through more rules
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Hypernyms/ Hyponyms
Broad words (hypernyms) used to explore lexis topic areas of hyponyms
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Descriptivism
The freedom and de-standardisation of language
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Framework
Grammar, Phonology, Graphology, Lexis, Semantics, Pragmatics, Orthography, Discourse Structure
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Old English
400AD- 1100 AD
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Etymology
The origin/history of words
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Standardisation
The process of language becoming more uniform
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Diachronic
The changing of language over time
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Synonym
A word with exact or similar meaning to another
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Morphology
The construction of a word by it's morphemes (e.g. suffix, prefic etc)
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IPA
International Phonetic Alphabet
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Neologism
A new word formation
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Archaic Language
Language which is obselete because of the time
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Syntax
Sentence structure
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Rennaisance
A cultural movement 14th-17th century
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Phonology
The sounds and speech of a word
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The Great Vowel Shift
1350-1700 long vowells
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Aitchison's 3 Stages
Labelling, packaging and network building
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Loan Words / Borrowing
Words from other languages or cultures eg. pyjamas
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(Pre/Post) Telegraphic stage
Children can speak very basically. Eg. "Read book!"
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Caxton
Inventor of the printing press 1473
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Orthography
The spelling of a word
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Obselete Language
Language which is over time no longer required or functional
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Middle English
12-15thCentury
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Modern English
15th century onward
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Johnson
Author of the first dictionary
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Prescriptivism

Back

The standardisation of language through more rules

Card 3

Front

Hypernyms/ Hyponyms

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Descriptivism

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Framework

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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