Education revision (theories) THE NEW RIGHT + NEOLIBERALISM

  • Created by: p.jxl
  • Created on: 25-10-22 14:08
What is neoliberalism?
An economic doctrine that has a major influence on education policy
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The belief
The state should not provide services like education, healthcare and welfare.
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Based on
The idea that the state must not dictate to individualism how to dispose of their property and should not regulate a free-market economy
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What does the government want/do?
To privatise state-run businesses, deregulate markets and build competition
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Argues the value of education, and how it lies in how well it enables countries to compete in the universal marketplace
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How is it 'achieved'?
It is 'achieved' by school becoming business-like and parents empowered with pupils to become consumers and using standards to up competition.
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The New Right
This theory incorperates neoliberalistic political views. Favours the marketisation of Education
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Central principle
This is the belief that the state cannot meet peoples needs. People are left to fend for themselves through the free market.
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Similarities between The New Right and functionalism
- Both believe that some people are naturally more talented than others
- they favour the education system being run on the meritocratic principles of open competition, and serving the need of the economy by preparing the young for work
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Similarities continued
- Both believe that education should socialize pupils into shared values, like competition, instilling national identity.
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Main difference between the two
The New Right does not believe that the current education system is achieving goals. The reason for failure is that education is 'state-run'
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The new right argues...
- State education has a 'one size sits all' approach
- Imposes uniformity and disregards locals needs
- Local consumers (parents, pupils, employers) have no say
- state education is made to have no response and made inefficient
- schools waste money or ge
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Argues more that
- schools wasting money and getting poor results creates low standards of achievement for pupils, a less qualified workforce and a less prosperous economy
- solution? marketisation of education, creating an education market
- belief that competition betw
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Chubb + Moe: Consumer Choice
these believe state run education has failed. It did not create an equal opportunity, failing the needs of the disadvantaged groups.
It is inefficient as it fails to produce pupils with skills to serve the economy.
As well as that, private schools = highe
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Chubb + Moe: Consumer Choice pt.2
- base their arguments on achievements made by low-income families and private schools (60,000 students, 1015 state schools)
- Findings from a parent survey and case studies of 'failing' schools.
Evidence shows that pupils do 5% better in private than sta
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Chubb + Moe: Consumer Choice pt.3
Sociologists call for an introduction to the market system
- Market system would put control in the heads of consumers.
- They argue that this would allow consumers to improve quality and efficiency.
- giving families a coupon to which they could buy educ
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Chubb + Moe: Consumer Choice pt.4
- ^ would force schools to become more focused and responsive to parents wished, as the vouchers would be the schools main source of income
- principles are already in place at private education
- In C=Ms view, educational standards would be greatly impro
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Two roles for the state - first one
Imposes framework on schools in which they have to compete (publishing ofsted inspections and league tables)
the state gives parents information with which to make a more informed choice between schools
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second role
ensures that schools transmit a shared culture. Imposes a single national curriculum and guaruntees that schools socialise pupils into cultural heritage
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Aim of the new right
integrate pupils into a single set if traditions and shared values, opposes mutlicultural education that reflects the cultures of different minority groups in Britain
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Evaluation of the new right
- Gerwitz + Ball - competition between schools only benefits middle class
- real cause of low ed standards is social inequality and inadequate fundings
- Marxists argue that ed does not impose a shared national culture, but imposes the culture of dominant
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The belief


The state should not provide services like education, healthcare and welfare.

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Based on


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What does the government want/do?


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