Beliefs in Society Revision Guide - SCLY3

This is a revision guide I made for myself for the beliefs exam, i used class notes and the Collins revision guide to make it. There is a list of questions at the end to test yourself on after you've read though if that's your kinda thing! Ignore some of the random comments throughout, it was the only way to get through making this thing with some sanity left! Also I used such a strange font because using an unfamiliar font is supposed to help you remember better, but obviously feel free to change it if you dont like it!

Enjoy :)

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Beliefs in society

Ideas on Belief Systems, Ideology and Science:

What is a belief s ystem ?
A set of ide as th at i nflue nce h ow you see the world , they
can be religi ous, spiri tual, pol itical and sci entif ic.
P olyani sa…

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group of people str uggles w ith t he ultimate pr oblems or
human life'
Functional: C oncern ed w ith t he functions r eligion
performs for soci ety a nd the i ndividuals withi n it. Many
functionalist t heori es s urround t his an d w…

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Scientific theories are based empirical evi dence that has
been see n a nd observed, r ather than p reconc eived i deas
that cannot be seen.
Scientific enquiries are open and constantl y bein g tested
to see if they are still valid, and those th at aren 't…

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Positive s tage ­ 1 9 th
c entury onwards: s cience i s t he
dominant belie f syste m and pe ople believe that things ca n
be tested a nd p roved. Beliefs are no lo nger a matter o f
According to Comte sci entif…

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different p o ints i n t i me. H e s aid n o b elief s ys tem i s
more supe rior than o thers.
Lyotard b el ieves t h at s cien ce i s b asi cally a
metanarra tive o f p rog…

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What does Durkh eim sa y abo ut r eligio n?
R eligion p rovid es a colle ctive cons cience . The coll ective
conscience i s t he s hared n orms , v al ues, b elief s a nd
knowledge t ha t m ake s…

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He also said that another main function of religion was
to p rovide a r ange o f answers t o q uestions a bout
suffering, evil, the purpose o f e xistence etc. He said
religion helps society r un s moothly a nd prevents

What does Malino…

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Movements and spi ritual shopping, people are taking bits
from every religion to cater to their own needs, so each
individual in s ociety' s belief s ystem may be completely
different, but they u nite in a community regardless.

Traditional Marxist Perspectives on Religion

W hat is the ov…

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because they g en uinely b elieve i n t he t e aching s i t
They i gnore h ow fu nctional i t c an be, how it c an un ite
society a nd pr ovide s moral v alues.
In t odays s ociet…

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Gramsci s aid t h at m embe rs o f s o ciety p osses s a d ual
consciousness. Thi s bas ically m eans that they are partly
influences b y t he r u ling c lass t hr ough m edia, t he
education s…


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