Eating Behaviour: Culture

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What 2 studies can be used to support cultural differences as a reason for different eating behaviours?
Wardle et al and Lesham
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What did Wardle et al do?
Surveyed 16000 adults in 21 European countries on their diet.
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What did Wardle et al find?
Males less likely to be eating a basic healthy diet. Country Diff's= Sweden, Norway, Denmark ate the most fibre; Italy, Portugal, Spain ate least fibre most fruit; England. Scotland least fruit; Poland, Portugal highest salt- Sweden, Finland, lowest
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What did Wardle et al find in regards to the 'Mediterranean Diet'?
Those on the 'Mediterranean diet' had lower levels of heart disease and obesity due to lower levels of processed food and more natural products being used.
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Evaluate Wardle's study.
Good because it had a large sample size and was ethical. Bad because it was eurocentric (culture bias), age bias (young adults) and was a survey= social desirability bias.
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What did Lesham do?
Compared the diets of two different ethnic communities in Israel who lived in the same area and had equal access to shops and food.
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What did Lesham find?
Muslim community's carb intake was twice as high as the Christian group. Muslims ate more protein, fats and salt but mean BMI was the same.
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What did Lesham think was the cause for these differences?
Previously they had lived in different environments- some may have been from Bedouin communities= needed high salt intake. Also strict religious reasons for eating or avoiding some foods.
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What is the other cultural (or sub-cultural) reason that food behaviour varies?
Socio-economic factors: education, income and food knowledge vary between culture groups and all impact on eating behaviour.
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What did Xie et al find that supported the idea that Education affects diet?
Adolescents whose parents were more educated had a higher intake of carbs, protein, fibre, vitamin A and calcium. More likely to consume more fruit and veg.
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Why could education result in better diet?
A better education means more knowledge about food and therefore healthier choices.
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Why does income effect food choices?
People from lower socio-econ. groups have lower income and are more likely to have an unhealthy diet. Travelling to shops also cost more money so people may also be geographically limited in food choices.
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What did Xie et al find on the effect of income on children's diet?
Children from higher income fam's had higher intake of polyunsaturated fats, protein, calcium, iron, dairy. Peers from lower socio-econ. groups had higher intake of meat, full-fat milk, fats, sugar, spuds and cereal and lower fruit, brown bread & veg
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Card 2

Front

What did Wardle et al do?

Back

Surveyed 16000 adults in 21 European countries on their diet.

Card 3

Front

What did Wardle et al find?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did Wardle et al find in regards to the 'Mediterranean Diet'?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Evaluate Wardle's study.

Back

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