Dynamics of sects and New Religious Movements (NRM)

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How long do sects last?
a generation or less- short lived
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Niebuhr
sects are world rejecting that result from schism and die out within a generation or compromise and become denomination. The reasons for this are- the second generation, the protestant ethic effect and death of a leader
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What is the second generation? (Niebuhr)
born into a religion and lack the fervour their parents had who joined voluntarily
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What is the protestant ethic effect? (Niebuhr)
sects that practise asceticism become prosperous and upwardly mobile and members are tempted to compromise with the world so leave or abandon world rejecting beliefs
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Death of a leader (Niebuhr)
sects collapse on leavers death or a more formal bureaucratic leadership takes over turning it into a denomination
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Stark and Bainbridge- the sectarian cycle. 1st stage
schism. Tension between needs of deprived and privileged so deprived break away to found world rejecting sect
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2nd stage of sectarian cycle
Initial fervour and great tension between sects beliefs and those of wider society
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3rd stage
Denominationalism- 'protestant ethic ' effect and coolness of second generation means fervour disappears.
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4th stage
establishment- sect becomes more world accepting
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5th stage
further schism- less privileged break away to found new sect true to original message
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Wilson- not all sects follow sectarian cycle.
If they follow or not depends on how they answer 'what shall we do to be saved?'.
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Conversionist sects (Wilson)
aim to convert large number of people. They are likely to grow into more formal denomination e.g evangelicals
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Adventist (Wilson)
await second coming of christ and must be separate from corrupt world to be saved. This separation prevents compromise into denomination. e.g. seventh day adventists
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established sects (Wilson)
some sects become established e.g Amish. Many succeed in socialising children into high level of commitment. However globalisation make it hard for future sects to stay separate but easier to recruit from 3rd world countries as they attract deprived
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Card 2

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sects are world rejecting that result from schism and die out within a generation or compromise and become denomination. The reasons for this are- the second generation, the protestant ethic effect and death of a leader

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Niebuhr

Card 3

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born into a religion and lack the fervour their parents had who joined voluntarily

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

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sects that practise asceticism become prosperous and upwardly mobile and members are tempted to compromise with the world so leave or abandon world rejecting beliefs

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

sects collapse on leavers death or a more formal bureaucratic leadership takes over turning it into a denomination

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