Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1
Topic 6: Organisations, movements and members

Types of religious organisation

Large organisations
complicated hierarchy
Believe they have a monopoly of religious truth


Small organisations
Led by a characteristic leader
Highly exclusive and hostile of wider society
Expect high levels of commitment
Believe they have a monopoly…

Page 2

Preview of page 2
Topic 6: Organisations, movements and members

World ­ rejecting NRMs

Clearly religious with a clear belief in god
Highly critical of the outside world
Members must break away from their former life
Restricted contact with the outside world
Often accused of brainwashing members
Have conservative moral views

World ­ accommodating…

Page 3

Preview of page 3
Topic 6: Organisations, movements and members

Stark and Bainbridge
Relative deprivation

Relative deprivation: How deprived someone feels in relation to those around them
Middle class people may feel spiritually deprived especially in modern consumerist society so
they turn to sects to counter this and gain a sense of community

Page 4

Preview of page 4
Topic 6: Organisations, movements and members

Sects are short lived and there are several reasons for this:

The second generation

Children who are born into the sect lack the commitment and the fervour of their parents who
made the conscious decision

The protestant ethic effect

Sects that practice asceticism tend…

Page 5

Preview of page 5
Topic 6: Organisations, movements and members

Globalisation will make it harder for sects to stay apart

Two common themes that characterise the new age
Self-spirituality: New agers have turned away from the traditional external religions and instead
look inside themselves
Detraditionalisation: The new age rejects the spiritual authority of…

Page 6

Preview of page 6
Topic 6: Organisations, movements and members

Religiosity and social groups
High positions in most religions are male
Women participate more in relaigion

Miller and Hoffman
Socialisation and Gender role

Women are more religious as they have been socilaised to be passive and obedient
Women are more likely to half…

Page 7

Preview of page 7
Topic 6: Organisations, movements and members

Cultural defence

Religion offers support and a sense of cultural identity. Religion is a means of preserving culture
and language and of coping with oppression

Cultural transition

Religion can be a means of easing the transition into a new culture by providing…


No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »