DNA

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How does DNA determine development?
It contains the bases which form triplet codes that code for amino acids. These sequences form proteins. Protein catalyse chemical/metabolic reactions for growth and development.
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What is a gene?
A section of DNA that codes for a protein.
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How can a non-functional protein be produced?
The insertion of another base that leads to a different base sequence. This leads to a different amino acid sequence and a different protein.
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How is a bacteria different?
It has short circular DNA and is supercoiled.
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How is DNA structure make it suitable?
It has a double-helix structure that protects it from corruption. It is a large molecules so it can store lots of info. Two strands with weak bonds so it can unzip and replicate.
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What is independence segregation?
When homologous chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell and different versions go into cells - different combos of maternal and paternal chromosomes.
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Founder's Effect
Just a few individuals from a population colonize a region. The genetic variety is reduced because only a fraction of the alleles of the original population have been carried over.
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Card 2

Front

What is a gene?

Back

A section of DNA that codes for a protein.

Card 3

Front

How can a non-functional protein be produced?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How is a bacteria different?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How is DNA structure make it suitable?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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