Definitions for People, Politics and Participation (as in the textbook by Oxford)

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Democracy
Government of the people, by the people and for the people
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Authoritarian Regimes
Non-democratic countries with strong central control and power
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Legitimate system of government
A government which is widely accepted by the people it governs
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Political Participation
Involvement of population in political engagement
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Direct democracy
Form of democracy that allows the population direct impact on an issue
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Indirect/Representative democracy
The people elect a representative to make decisions on issues\
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Elitism
Recognition that society should be governed by an elite groups
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Pluralism
Relates to a society in which there are diverse and competing centres of power
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Pressure groups
Organisation that do not stand for elections but seek to influence those in political office
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Electorate
All people qualified to vote
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Franchise
Right to vote for representatives
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Abstainers
Those who chose not to vote
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Devolved assemblies
National parliaments of Scotland, the assembly in Wales and the assembly in Northern Ireland
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Apathy
Lack of interest or enthusiasm for politics
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Alienation
Feeling of separateness from politics
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Initiatives
A petition that receives enough votes to hold a vote on the matter
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Referendum
Vote of the public on a single policy issue
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Recall vote
Vote of a small group to decide if an elected official should be removed from office
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Opinion poll
Survey designed to find out voting intentions or attitudes of the public
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Focus groups
Small groups of people whose views are probed on a range of questions
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Direct action
Political action outside of the legal and constitutional framework
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Socialisation
The instilling of political attitudes and values
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Social class
Hierarchical distinction between individuals and groups in society
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Voting behaviour
The way that people vote
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Psephologist
Specialists in voting habaviour
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Partisan alignment
Long-term allegiance of voters to a particular party
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Partisan disalignment
Breakdown of long-term allegiance of voters to a particular party
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Class alignment
Strong association of membership to a certain class
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Class disalignment
Breakdown of association to a certain class
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Instrumental vting
One off assessment of the parties policies and reputation and voting based purely on that
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Ideology
System of beliefs, assumptions and values on public issues
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Mass media
Organisations involved in publishing, broadcasting or other forms of political communication
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Stability
When voting behaviour is consistent and predicable, and follows a certain trend
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Volatility
Significant changes in voting behaviours
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Third parties
Parties that gains sizable % of the votes but fails to have any real chance of being the majority gvernment
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Emborgeoisement
Better off working people aspiring to become like the middle classes
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Floating voters
Those whose vote is unsure and can be changed
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Bandwagon effect
Suggests that the polls encourage voters to follow the others and vote for the party in the lead
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Boomerang effect
Electorate are encouraged to change sides and vote for the underdog
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Political consultants
Professional advisors on policy
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Spin doctors
Specialist party consultants whose task it is to change public opinion of the party and party members
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Tactical voting
Elector votes for a party they don't favour to avoid a different candidate from gaining power
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Non-democratic countries with strong central control and power

Back

Authoritarian Regimes

Card 3

Front

A government which is widely accepted by the people it governs

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Involvement of population in political engagement

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Form of democracy that allows the population direct impact on an issue

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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