Prime Minister and the Cabinet

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Prime Minister and Cabinet (All Notes)
How governments are formed
Go vernme nt
= 100+
minister
s and seni
o r
party of
fi
cial
s app oi
nted b y
P M t
ha t
f
orms
"i
nn er
ci
rcle"
wh i
c h
gov er
ns t
h e count
ry
In
the UK t
he r
e are
n o
co di
fi
ed rul
es as t
o ho w t
he
govt
is for
me d,
it
's
just
t
he
natural
conse quence s
fol
lowing t
h e
outcome
of a gene r
al
elect
ion
In
theo r
y, we don't
need
rul
e s
because
the cho i
ce of
govt i
s i
n t
h e
hand s
of
the mona r
ch.
B ut
th
post ­
19 cent
ury,
the mo narch
doe sn'
t
p l
ay an acti
ve r
ole
in
thi
s
Th e
w ay G Es
u sual
ly
turnout,
i
nterventi
on
of t
h e
mo narch
is
unne ce ssar
y,
i.
e. as
long as
one
part
y
has a
ma j
o r
it
y,
it
s l
e ader
is
invi
ted t
o
for
m a govt.
If
t
h i
s doe sn'
t
ha ppen t
ho ugh (
hun g
parlt
) l
i
ke May 2010, or
F eb
1 9 74,
i
t
all
gets
a bi
t more
confusing
How the coalition government was formed
1) D ay aft
er el
ecti
on ,
cl
ea r
t
ha t
t
here wa s no
o ver
all
ma jor
it
y
2) C ons we r
e l
a r
ges t
part
y,
b ut
20 seats
s hort
of
ma j
orit
y
3) G .
B r
o wn di
dn '
t
resign,
despit
e Lab our
bei
ng well
be at
e n,
an d negoti
ati
ons st
a r
ted
for
Lib ­ Lab deal
4) O ver several
days,
C l
eg g
cond uct
e d
simu l
taneous n egoti
ati
o ns wit
h cons and l
ab wit
h
rega r
ds to
a coali
ti
o n
5) Lib ­ Lab seeme d more l
ogical
poli
cy w i
se, BUT Lib + Lab
ma j
ori
ty of
seats.
They'
d
nee d a
"rai
nb ow coali
ti
on"
incl
u di
ng
S D LP and
G reen ,
Wo ul
d onl
y equal
ma jor
it
y of
thr
e e t
ho ugh,
and
so wo ul
d be
a
fragi
le coali
ti
on.
6) G .
B r
o wn r
e si
gned
as PM and
L ab l
ead er.
We nt
t
o
p al
a ce
a nd asked queen to
invi
te
D C to
form a govt,
ei
ther
as minorit
y or as
coa l
i
ti
on
w it
h Cleg gy
7) C ame ron accepted,
and
anno unced coa l
i
ti
o n
nego t
iati
on s
w it
h
N i
ck Cl
eg g
ha d
been
succ essf
u l
l
y comp let
ed
The `government'
23 Ca bi
net Me mb er
s
P M, heads
o f
departme nt
etc.
= ul
ti
ma t
e sou rce
of
p ol
icy
15 Sen i
or
n on cabinet
posts ­
hea ds
of
imp ortant
off
ices
e .g.
att
orn ey general
60 Junior
Mi ni
sters
­ subordinat
e s
of
cab i
net minist
ers (
mi nist
ers
o f st
ate)
17 Wh i
p s
­
C hi
ef si
ts
in
C abinet
,
b ut
ot
h ers
just
e nsur
e par t
y di
scip l
ine
+ keep peers
i
nforme d of
stuf
f
115
PE O PLE
IN GO VT .
= 25
LO RD S + 90 MP s
Government Characteristics
1) A l
l
me mb ers of
govt
mu st
sit
i
n Pa r
lt
as
w el
l
as be
in
govt.
S o 90/115 has
a
con st
it
u ency
to r
e present
t
o o

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MP s of
go ve r
ning part
y
are NO T
a l
l
govt
me mb ers.
They are
ba ckbenchers.
G ovt
me mbe r
s
a re f
rontbenc her
s. They f
oll
ow
2 dif
fer
en t
r
u l
es.
3) T ho ugh he c an
b e
ad vi
se d,
onl
y PM can
ap poi
nt/
/dismiss
go vt
memb ers.…read more

Page 3

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There needs to be agreement among all the coalition partners on which
policies can be accepted. All
t
he parti
es need t
o b e w i
ll
i
n g
to give
up
some
po l
icies
b ut
also a cce pt
ri
v al
po l
i
c i
es.
Th i
s agreeme nt
was a chieved
w i
th t
he
Ma y
2 01 0
c oali
ti
on .…read more

Page 4

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All
imp orta nt
dome sti
c/
ma ny f
oreign
p ol
icy
decisi
ons w er
e ma de wi
thi
n
ca binet
.
An y di
sp u tes
w i
thi
n
the governme nt
would be
resolved
w i
thi
n
the
ca bi
net.
PM = "primu s i
nter
pa r
es '
(
fi
rst
amo ng equals)
,
givi
ng
him a hi
gher st
atus.…read more

Page 5

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Mo res
ot heWi
lso n,
shep
o sse ssedg
rea t
st
rengtho
f
p ur
po sea
n dc
a met
ob
eb o t
h
f
e ared and r
e spected
b y
her col
leagues.…read more

Page 6

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This took shape in the following ways:
The
p ersona l
autho ri
ty an d power of
t
h e
PM al
one had grown i
n cont
rast
to
the
col
lec ti
ve pow er
o f
the ca b i
net
in pr
ece di
ng years.…read more

Page 7

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Lar
ge depart
me nt
s have
become
mo r
e i
ndependent
,
wh i
ch
can l
ead t
o a
lack
of
cohesi
on i
n gov'
t.…read more

Page 8

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The convention that a minister should resign if their department makes a serious political
or personal error. In practice, this usually means that a minister is responsible to
Parliament and must face criticism and questioning.…read more

Page 9

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MP
(
LD
)
Rt
Hon
Wil
l
Fi
rst
Secr
etar
y of
St
ate,
Secr
etar
y of
i
am
St
ate
for
For
e i
gn
and Commo nweal
th Ha
Af
fai
rs gue
MP
(
C o
n)
Rt
Hon
Ge
or
g
e
Chancel
lor
of
t
he
Exc
h equer
Os
bor
ne
MP
(
C o
n)
Rt
Hon
Ken
net
Lor
d Ch ancel
lor
,
Secr
etar
y of
St
ate
for
h
Just
ice…read more

Page 10

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MP
(
C o
n)
Rt
Hon
Dr
Vi
n
Secr
etar
y of
St
ate
for
Busi
ness,
cen
I
nnovat
ion
and Ski
ll
s t
Ca
bl
e
MP
(
LD
)
Rt
Hon
I
ain
Dun
Secr
etar
y of
St
ate
for
Wor
k and
can
Pensi
ons
Smi
t
h
MP
(
C o
n)
Rt
Hon
Chr
Secr
etar
y of
Stat
e f
or
Ener
gy
and i
s
Cl
imate
C hange Huh
ne
MP
(…read more

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