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Prime Minister and
Cabinet




1

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How governments are formed (Page 263/241 Mc Naughton)
Govt = 100+ ministers and senior party officials appointed by PM that forms
"inner circle" which governs the country


In the UK there are no codified rules as to how the govt is formed, it's just the
natural consequences following the outcome…

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Would only equal majority of three though, and so would be a fragile
coalition.

6) G. Brown resigned as PM and Lab leader. Went to palace and asked
queen to invite DC to form a govt, either as minority or as coalition with
Cleggy


7) Cameron accepted, and announced coalition…

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5) They don't meet regularly as a 115 ­ fold body, but the cabinet meet
regularly


Ministerial selection (pages 265266/245246)
PM needs to weigh up personal qualities vs. political consequences, i.e. if best
person for the job is considered a party "rebel"

They need to be politically reliable (agree with…

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It is very possible that we will have to adapt to new forms of government
in the future if we either change the electoral system or the Liberal
Democrats continue to make progress so that we have a threeparty
system.

Minority government (Page 266/247)
Minority governments are unusual, unstable and…

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government and they tend to last for many years. However, it some countries like
Italy and Israel, coalitions have been very unstable and have not lasted long.

The only coalition government in the UK since 1945 is the current one which was
created in May 2010. In the UK coalitions…

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Possible coalitions in the UK May 2010 (Page 268)
1. Conservative minority government ­ 20 seats short of a majority and
would have to rely on support from: Democratic Unionists in NI plus any
other that would support it on specific issues.

2. Progressive rainbow coalition ­ Consists of: Labour,…

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In summary: cabinet considered to be the centrepiece of the government and its
supreme policymaking institution.



Cabinet government was drawing to a close during the years of:
Harold Macmillan (Cons ­ 19571963) less so

Harold Wilson (Lab ­ 19641970) ­ particularly so



The changing UK cabinet (Page 269/249)
During the…

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Originates from Labour PM Harold Wilson, who learned that it was
possible to dominate the entire governing process (in particular the
cabinet).

Did so through the formation of a closeknit team of allies: Cabinet
Secretary (most senior civil servant) to serve the PM almost exclusively,
alongside a `kitchen cabinet' consisting…

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The cabinet, whilst appearing to operate in a similar way to previous
cabinets, was packed with Thatcher's supporters, and she controlled
meetings just as Wilson had.

She was hugely respected abroad (almost as respected as Churchill had
been), and media focus was placed heavily upon the Conservative leader.

However, in…

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