Definitions for memory

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  • Created by: 10ASmith
  • Created on: 19-04-16 13:00
Memory
The process by which we retain information about events in the past
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STM
Short term memory- Memory for events in the present or immediate past
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LTM
Long term memory- Memory for events in the more distant past
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Duration
How long a memory can be held in a particular place
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Capacity
How many memories can be held in a particular place
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Coding
The way information is changed so it can be stored in memory
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Duration of STM
Not very long- less than 18 seconds if not rehearsed
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Duration of LTM
Potentially a lifetime
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Capacity of STM
Very limited- between 5-9
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Capacity of LTM
Potentially unlimited
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Coding of STM
Acoustically
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Coding of LTM
Semantically
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SM
Sensory memory
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Capacity of SM
Unlimited
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Duration of SM
Milliseconds
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Coding of SM
Many different ways, acoustically, visually
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Baddeley
Acoustically similar and dissimilar and Semanticall similar and disimilar for coding
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Peterson and Peterson
Tri-gram study for duration of STM
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Bahrick et al
Yearbook study duration of LTM
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Jacobs
Digit span for capacity of STM
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Atkinson and Shiffrin
Proposed the Multi store model of memory
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MSM
Multi store model of memory Suggests memory is a process
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Support MSM
Baddeley- shows that the STM and LTM are seperate
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Support MSM
Clive Wearing- shows that the STM and LTM are seperate
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Too simplistic- MSM
KF- different components to STM not just one store
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Further criticism- MSM
Different types of LTM- episodic and procedural
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WMM
Working memory model
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Baddeley and Hitch
Proposed the working memory
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Working memory
The bit of memory that you use when working on a complex task
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Centeral Executive
The Boss- drives whole system, decides which info is attended to and where to send it
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Capacity of the Central executive
Very limited
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PL
Phonological Loop
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VSSP
Visuo- Spatial Sketchpad
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Role of the Episodic buffer
Allows for events to be recorded as they are happening
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Role of PL
Circulates info round and round to remember it
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Role of VSSP
Records arrangements of objects in the environment
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Short term memory- Memory for events in the present or immediate past

Back

STM

Card 3

Front

Long term memory- Memory for events in the more distant past

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

How long a memory can be held in a particular place

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

How many memories can be held in a particular place

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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Comments

Alisha_rebecca

This is a really useful set of revision cards for AS psychology memory! Really helped with my revision

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