Daycare

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  • Created by: EClou
  • Created on: 12-04-15 12:21
define Day Care and give two examples
a form of temporary care not given by family members or someone who is familiar to the child, usually outside the home e.g. child minding or day nurseries
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what does nursery care involve?
staffed by trained workers - inspected by OFSTED - required to plan activities
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what does a registered child minder involve?
care at the childminder's home - inspected by OFSTED, may care for more than one child
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what does a nanny/au pair involve?
employed by family - looks after child in its own home - likely to be with siblings/alone
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what is meant by informal arrangements?
usually a family member/relative and unpaid
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what is social development?
development of sociability and process of socialisation
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what behaviours indicate sociability?
seeking/enjoying the company of others
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what is the first thing that social development is affected by?
the attachment theory
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what is the attachment theory?
continuous emotional care from a PCG forms basis of later relationship - monotropy - and it ford the internal working model
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how would day care affect this?
it can disrupt the attachment - other people may be more attentive that PCG/could suggest that long periods away from PCG are normal/healthy
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how might day care not affect this?
if the quality of day care is as good/equal to the quality of care at home
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what else is social development affected by and explain it?
interaction with other people - day care allows children to interact with different adults and kids and develop inter-personal skills e.g. negotiation
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what did Clarke-Stewart show about the effects of daycare on social development and how?
studies 150 kids - those in DC coped better in social situations and negotiated better than those looked after in a family setting. those in DC were consistently more advanced - POSITIVE EFFECT
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what did DiLalla show about the effects of daycare on social development and how?
children who experienced little/no day care were more likely to behave pro-socially - negative correlation between hours spent in DC and amount of pro-social behaviour demonstrated.
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who showed that there were no effects of daycare on social development and how?
Clarke-Stewart - no difference in attachment between those spent 30+ hrs from 3moths/week and those who spent
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give three criticisms of this research:
1. not experimental evidence - many confounding variables so lacks internal validity (hence contradictoriness), 2. most studies consider quantity of care but not quality, 3. most are retrospective
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what study found aggressive behaviour and why?
NICHD - children separated from their mothers fro more than 10hrs/week early in life were more aggressive once they reached kindergarten accruing to there mothers and teachers.
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who were the Ps in Campbell, Lamb and Hwang's study? (CLH)
group of children in Sweden from 18m-3y attended DC continuously - some in family based and some in day nurseries. also a control group of children whose parents applied for places but didn't get them due to competition
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what did CLH do before the study began?
standard of care received at home was assessed using Caldwell's home inventory (measure quality of child's environment)
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how was a baseline achieved at the start of the study, why was it necessary and when was it repeated?
after they had started at DC they were observed playing with other children in the DC setting for 30mis - see how sociable they were before the study began - repeated at 2.5 and 3.5
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what was found after being followed up regularly until their were 15?
children who spent longer days in DC were less socially competent - children who spent more but shorter days/week were more socially competent - social competence is stable from 3.5-15yrs - high quality care linked to better social abilities.
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how were they assessed?
at 6.5, care providers asked - at 8.5, teachers asked - at 15 children did 2 self report questionnaires - friendship quality questionnaire and social style questionnaire
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give 4 methodological issues (strengths and weaknesses)
1. longitudinal study - allows measurement of long term effects, 2. baseline data - allows comparison between start + end, 3. range of measurements - observation/teacher's reports/self-report, 4. problems with population/external validity - Sweden
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what is the overall conclusion of CLH's study?
both quality of care and time spent in DC affects child's development before the age of 3.5
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

what does nursery care involve?

Back

staffed by trained workers - inspected by OFSTED - required to plan activities

Card 3

Front

what does a registered child minder involve?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

what does a nanny/au pair involve?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

what is meant by informal arrangements?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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