Cultural variations in attachment

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  • Created by: Gottowork
  • Created on: 14-05-16 21:16
Who carried out a meta-analysis of 32 studies (8 countries - 15 being in the USA)?
van IJzendoorn and Kroonenberg
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What did van IJzendoorn find?
Secure attachment most common - 75% Britain, 50% China, insecure-avoidant - most common Germany, least common Japan, insecure-resistant - 30% Israel, 3% Britain
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What did they find out about variations intra-cultures over inter-cultures?
Variation 150% greater within countries rather than between countries
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Talk to me about the Simonella et al. Italian study
76 12-month olds, 50% secure, 36% insecure-avoidant. Lower rate secure attachment than in many - more mothers work long hours and use professional childcare. So cultural changes make dramatic difference
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What do the studies of cultural variations conclude?
Secure attachment is the norm in most cultures - supporting Bowlby's idea that attachment is innate and universal. But cultural practices have an influence on attachment type...
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Why are large samples good in cultural variations studies?
E.g. 1,900 babies and their primary attachment figures in van IJzendoorn's study, increase internal validity by reducing impact of anomalous results
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Why do samples tend to be unrepresentative of culture?
Comparisons between countries not cultures, different cultures within countries. Comparisons between countries may have little meaning; cultural characteristics of the sample need to be specified
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Why is the method of assessment of cultural variations biased?
Designed by American researcher based on British theory - imposed etic as unsure if it can be applied to other cultures. E.g. lack of separation anxiety, in Germany this might be a sign of independence, not avoidance/insecurity
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Card 2

Front

What did van IJzendoorn find?

Back

Secure attachment most common - 75% Britain, 50% China, insecure-avoidant - most common Germany, least common Japan, insecure-resistant - 30% Israel, 3% Britain

Card 3

Front

What did they find out about variations intra-cultures over inter-cultures?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Talk to me about the Simonella et al. Italian study

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What do the studies of cultural variations conclude?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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