Cultural Variations

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  • Created by: z_mills1
  • Created on: 09-05-14 16:24
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  • Cultural Variations
    • Van IJzendoorn and Kroonenberg
      • conducted a meta-analysis of 32 studies over 8 different cultures
        • found that secure attachment was the most common in all cultures studied
        • resistant attachment is higher in collectivist cultures
        • avoidant attachment % is higher in individualistic cultures
        • variations within cultures were 1.5 times greater than between cultures
          • suggests that cultural practices have little influence on attachment behaviour
    • Takahashi
      • 60 middle-class Japanese infants and their mothers - observed in the Strange Situation
        • 68% securely attached, 32% insecure-resistant, 0% insecure-avoidant
          • infants showing much higher rates of insecure-resistant attachment than in most other cultures
            • Takahashi
              • 60 middle-class Japanese infants and their mothers - observed in the Strange Situation
                • 68% securely attached, 32% insecure-resistant, 0% insecure-avoidant
                  • infants showing much higher rates of insecure-resistant attachment than in most other cultures

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