crime&deviance - right realists explanations

  • Created by: lilyodell
  • Created on: 08-11-18 10:19
what was there a rise in early 1980s Britain?
youth unemployment, increase in drug use in urban areas, rising of benefits
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what were these due to?
due to a decline of 'traditional values' and constraints of earlier generations
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what are the two reasons why crime is committed?
rational choice and underclass
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what happens through rational choice?
criminals will only consider punishment as a deterrent, when the chance of being caught is high
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what is a benefit for the criminals?
they have a low chance of being caught
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what is an example did Wilson & Relling state?
if they were to smash a window in a busy road of houses with smashed windows already it is unlikely anyone will notice, but it would be noticed it it happened on a street with no damage
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what did Charles Murray suggest about underclass?
that growing crime is due to a growing underclass 'new rabble'
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what does this group fail to do?
socialise their children properly
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what does Murray call the welfare state?
a 'generous revolution' , which allows increasing numbers of people to be dependant on the state
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what has this caused a decline in?
marriage
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what has this caused an increase in?
lone parent families living off benefits
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what does it mean for boys when there is no father present?
there is a lack of paternal discipline and role models, so they gain their status through crime, rather gaining a steady job
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what are the two solutions to crime?
target hardening and zero tolerance policing
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what is target hardening?
this is the idea that measures can be put into place to make the committing of crime as difficult as possible
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what is an example of target hardening?
locks, fences, barriers, alarms
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what does it mean when target hardening is put in place?
it means that it is harder for someone to commit a crime, the less likely they are to commit a crime
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what is zero tolerance crime?
this is the idea of clamping down even on the most minor offences
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evaluation - what is a negative to right realism?
ignores wider structural causes such as poverty
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

what were these due to?

Back

due to a decline of 'traditional values' and constraints of earlier generations

Card 3

Front

what are the two reasons why crime is committed?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

what happens through rational choice?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

what is a benefit for the criminals?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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