Communist creation of a political system

  • Created by: 1zoerouse
  • Created on: 12-04-18 22:13
When was the new Republic declared?
October 1949
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How did Communists split opposition?
By collaborating over the planning with other groups
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When were constitutional details finalised?
1954
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What was the government controlled press agency called?
Xinhua
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What does CPPCC stand for?
Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference
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How many delegates made up the CPPCC?
600
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How did they claim to be legitimate?
Some delegates represented minority groups
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What did they create and approve?
Central People’s Government, Common Program
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What was society to be based on?
An alliance between the workers and peasants
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Give one positive and one negative of society?
Personal freedoms and gender equality, the army and police had the right to supress all counter-revolutionary activity
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Who were the people of China?
The working class, the peasantry, the urban petty bourgeoisie and the national bourgeoisie
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Who were the 5 key men in the Politburo?
Mao, Liu Shaoqi, Zhou Enlai, Chen Yun and Zhu De
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What was the constitution based on?
The 1936 Soviet Russian Constitution
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What was the National People’s Congress?
The new legislature
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Who took over from the CPG?
Central People’s Government
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How was China now divided?
6 regions subdivided into 21 provinces, 5 autonomous border regions and 2 urban centres (Beijing and Shanghai)
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How many officials were there in 1949 and 1959?
720,000 in 1949, 8 million in 1959
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Why is bureaucratisation of the revolution negative?
Bureaucrats became more interested in preserving the status quo
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When did Mao step down?
1958
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How many members were there in October 1949 and by the end of 1950?
4.5 million and then 5.8 million
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What did cadres do?
Monitored the running of the civil service, legal system, schools and army at a local level
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How many members did the Youth League have in 1953 and how many did the Women’s Federation have?
9 million and 76 million
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What was a danwei and what power did they have?
A work unit – issue permts to travel, marry and change jobs
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Why was the army reduced from 1953?
3.5 million from 5 million
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When did Mao become a founder member of the Chinese Communist Party?
1921
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What in 1934-35 helped Mao impose his authority?
The Long March
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What was the Rectification Campaign and what was a direct result?
A purge of Mao’s enemies, resulting in Mao becoming Party leader
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How many spies and agents had been flushed out by 1942?
15,000
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Who were the 3 highest officials involved and what were the consequences?
Zhou Enlai, Peng Dehuai and Chen Yi had to confess to their mistakes
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What was Mao Zedong Thought based on?
Essays that Mao wrote during Yanan years
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What were his 4 key ideas which became party doctrine?
Nationalism, continuing revolution, listening to the people and mass mobilisation
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What were struggle sessions?
Organised to humiliate opponents and frighten people into conforming
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Card 2

Front

How did Communists split opposition?

Back

By collaborating over the planning with other groups

Card 3

Front

When were constitutional details finalised?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the government controlled press agency called?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What does CPPCC stand for?

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