Cold War

  • Created by: florrie
  • Created on: 04-11-18 12:10
When was the Grand Alliance formed?
The Grand Alliance was formed in 1941, when a force of 4 million German troops invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941. Despite a non-aggression pact between Germany and the Soviet Union.
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When was the Tehran Conference?
The Tehran Conference was in November 1943, and were going to plan a winning strategy to end the war.
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What did the USA and Britain promise to do in the Tehran Conference?
Britain and USA promised to open a second front by attacking Germany to ease the pressure off the Soviet Union
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What did the Soviet Union promise to do in the Tehran Conference?
The Soviet Union promised to go to war with Japan once the war in Europe was over
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What did the Big Three discuss in the Tehran Conference?
There was no formal agreement but it was agreed in principle that the aim of the war was to bring about the unconditional surrender of Germany and that it should remain weak after the war. It was agreed that Poland should receive land from Germany.
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What was also discussed at the Tehran Conference about maintaining peace?
There was a general agreement that an international body should be set up to settle disputes through discussion. Laid ground for the future formation of the United Nations.
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What impact did the Tehran conference have?
Had an impact on international relations. Stalin was concerned that Britain and the USA were delaying opening a second front, so the Soviet Union could be weakened. Churchill wanted to open a second front in the Balkans but Roosevelt sided with Stali
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When was the Yalta conference?
The Yalta conference was held in February 1945. They were gong to discuss the winning the war and the government of post-war Europe.
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What was agreed about Germany in the Yalta conference?
After the war, Germany would be split into four zones. The Nazi party would be banned and war criminals prosecuted.
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What was agreed about the United Nations in the Yalta conference?
They would hold their first meeting on the 25th April 1945. All nations could join.
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What did Stalin say in the Yalta conference?
Stalin agreed to join in the war against Japan, three months after the defeat of Germany. Stalin agreed that the future of countries in Eastern Europe would be decided in free elections
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What happened to Poland in the Yalta conference?
Poland was difficult to manage. It was agreed that the borders of Poland would return to the position it was in 1921, however they will be free elections.
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When was Potsdam conference?
Potsdam conference was around July-August 1945.
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What were some World events that happened during the Potsdam conference?
Germany had surrendered in 1945 May. American scientists had developed the atomic bomb which was tested the day after the conference began. The United Nations created a Treaty that all 51 members signed.
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What would happen to Germany in the Potsdam conference?
Germany would be divided into four zones but German economy would run as a whole. Berlin would also be divided into four zones.
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What happened to reparations in Germany in Potsdam conference?
The Soviet Union wanted Germany to pay heavy reparations but Truman was concerned that it will make it harder for Germany's economy to recover.
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What did Stalin mean by creating an Eastern Europe?
Stalin wanted to control Eastern Europe to ensure the security of the Soviet Union. In his view it was getting a defensive measure but the West believed that he was trying to spread Communism.
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What happened on the 6th of August 1945?
The USA exploded at atom bomb over Japanese city of Hiroshima.
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When was the Long Telegram sent?
5 March 1946
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What did the Long Telegram contain?
George Kennan, American's ambassador in Moscow sent this telegram. Reported that Stalin wanted to see the destruction of Capitalism Believed that if they met strong resistance the USSR would back down
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When was the Novikov telegram sent?
It was sent on the 27th of September 1946
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What did the Novikov telegram contain?
Said that USA wanted to use their massive military power to dominate the world. Americans no longer wanted to co operate with USSR.
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When was the Iron Curtain speech?
In March 1946
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What was important about the Iron Curtain speech?
Churchill said that the Soviet Union was a threat to freedom and world peace. Was provoked to make speech because there were communist governments set up recently i Hungary, Poland, Romania and Bulgaria.
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What did Stalin think about the Iron Curtain speech?
Before making the speech, Churchill would have had it cleared by Truman, so he thought that Churchill's views reflected American's views as well.
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When was the Truman Doctrine?
On 12 March 1947
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What did the Truman Doctrine state?
Truman announced choosing democracy over communism was like choosing good over evil. He also stated two other important statements.
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What were the two statements that Truman said in his Doctrine?
He offered majority rule and freedom from political oppression. The second being that it stops the minority forcing their will on the majority.
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What policy changed because of the Truman Doctrine?
It signalled the end of the policy of isolationism and replaced with the policy of containment.
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What was the Marshall Plan?
The marshall plan was a practical outcome of the Truman Doctrine, providing economic aid to help war- torn countries and in order to stop communism taking over Western Europe
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When was the Marshall plan signed?
April 3rd 1948.
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what was Stalin's Opinion of the Marshall plan?
He believed that the USA was trying to extend its influence in Europe. He thought it was undermining the international role of the United states.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When was the Tehran Conference?

Back

The Tehran Conference was in November 1943, and were going to plan a winning strategy to end the war.

Card 3

Front

What did the USA and Britain promise to do in the Tehran Conference?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did the Soviet Union promise to do in the Tehran Conference?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did the Big Three discuss in the Tehran Conference?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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